Policy Research for Front of Package Nutrition Labeling: Developing and Testing a Summary System Algorithm. E: NDS Scores of Food Supgroupings and Selected Foods Using the Baseline Algorithm

05/01/2011

Table E-1. Rankings of Mean Nutrient Density Scores per 100 kcal (NDS1KCAL) of Selected Subgroupings of Foods
Rank Food Group Mean Score Minimum Maximum
The means were calculated from subgroupings of 570 foods. Some subgroupings contain only a few foods (e.g., rice).

1
Dairy
Milk

2.91

−2.81

11.12
2 Yogurt −0.36 −7.16 7.96
3 Cheese −5.45 −9.71 −1.50
4 Ice Cream −7.26 −12.43 1.13
5 Other −8.16 −16.06 −3.04

1
Grains
Cereals, breakfast foods

−0.30

−7.08

8.23
2 Breads −1.29 −6.96 0.87
3 Quickbreads −1.49 −4.77 2.98
4 Crackers, salty snacks −1.66 −8.27 3.60
5 Rice −2.44 −2.47 −2.40
6 Mixed grain products −2.85 −11.76 1.46
7 Cakes, cookies, pastries −5.37 −9.79 3.40

1
Vegetables
Vegetables other than potatoes

5.89

−9.90

30.62
2 Potatoes −1.07 −3.24 1.93
3 Soup −5.19 −10.26 0.51
4 Condiments −18.34 −86.08 0.39

1
Fats, Oils, and Dressings
Fats and oils

−3.48

−11.73

1.14
2 Salad dressings −8.94 −33.41 −0.85

1
Sweets and Beverages
Beverages

−4.63

−21.51

17.92
2 Sugars, sweets −10.07 −17.80 2.32
Table E-2. Rankings of Mean Nutrient Density Scores per RACC (NDS1RACC) of Selected Subgroupings of Foods
Rank Food Group Mean Score Minimum Maximum
The means were calculated from subgroupings of 570 foods. Some subgroupings contain only a few foods (e.g., rice).

1
Dairy
Milk

2.44

−5.82

9.27
2 Yogurt −3.07 −19.17 8.20
3 Other −4.96 −14.01 −0.94
4 Cheese −5.54 −8.81 −0.65
5 Ice cream −9.14 −17.92 1.06

1
Grains
Cereals, breakfast foods

−0.42

−8.17

10.09
2 Breads −2.20 −15.53 1.19
3 Crackers, salty snacks −2.31 −10.70 4.18
4 Quickbreads −2.96 −9.24 3.58
5 Rice −4.66 −4.91 −4.46
6 Mixed grain products −6.99 −14.00 5.75
7 Cakes, cookies, pastries −11.15 −33.82 4.94

1
Vegetables
Vegetables other than potatoes

0.75

−4.51

5.99
2 Potatoes −1.58 −6.17 3.13
3 Condiments −2.16 −5.80 0.18
4 Soup −5.41 −10.71 1.17

1
Fats, Oils, and Dressings
Fats and oils

−2.86

−11.76

1.36
2 Salad dressings −4.31 −9.98 −0.92

1
Sweets and Beverages
Beverages

−5.41

−19.50

3.36
2 Sugars, sweets −12.70 −23.77 0.85
Table E-3. Nutrient Density Scores of 100 Foods Using the Baseline Algorithms (NDS1)
Food Code Description Nutrient Density
Score per 100
Kcal (NDS1KCAL)
Nutrient Density
Score per RACC
(NDS1RACC)
Foodcodes and descriptions are from USDA Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies (FNDDS) Version 4.0
— Means no data.
a The same nutrient values as foodcode 71101000 were used to calculate the score except the sodium value was replaced with 5 mg per 100 grams.

11111000
Dairy Foods
Milk, cow's, fluid, whole

1.54

2.30
11112110 Milk, cow's, fluid, 2% fat 3.58 4.37
11112210 Milk, cow's, fluid, 1% fat 6.88 7.05
11113000 Milk, cow's, fluid, skim or nonfat, 0.5% or less butterfat 11.12 9.27
11411100 Yogurt, plain, whole milk −1.18 −1.62
11411200 Yogurt, plain, low-fat milk 3.18 4.51
11411300 Yogurt, plain, nonfat milk 6.51 8.20
11431000 Yogurt, fruit variety, whole milk −7.16 −19.17
11432000 Yogurt, fruit variety, low-fat milk −6.69 −15.36
11432500 Yogurt, fruit variety, low-fat milk, sweetened with low-calorie sweetener 2.33 5.50
11433000 Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk −4.53 −9.69
11433500 Yogurt, fruit variety, nonfat milk, sweetened with low-calorie sweetener 7.96 8.06
11511100 Milk, chocolate, whole milk-based −2.81 −5.82
11511200 Milk, chocolate, reduced fat milk-based, 2% −1.35 −2.57
11511400 Milk, chocolate, low-fat milk-based −0.35 −0.56
11511300 Milk, chocolate, skim milk-based 0.66 0.93
12120100 Cream, half and half −6.47 −2.52
12210400 Cream substitute, powdered −16.06 −1.75
13110100 Ice cream, regular, flavors other than chocolate −9.46 −13.02
13130300 Light ice cream, flavors other than chocolate −5.74 −6.77
13160400 Fat free ice cream, flavors other than chocolate 1.13 1.06
14410200 Cheese, processed, American or Cheddar type −8.51 −8.58

21101120
Meats, Poultry, and Fish
Beef steak, broiled or baked, lean and fat eaten

−0.75

−1.52
21500100 Ground beef or patty, cooked, NS as to percent lean −1.48 −3.25
22600200 Pork bacon, NS as to fresh, smoked or cured, cooked −6.39 −5.19
24122100 Chicken, breast, roasted, broiled, or baked, NS as to skin eaten 0.87 1.45
24127110 Chicken, breast, coated, baked or fried, prepared with skin, skin/coating eaten −0.62 −1.37
24198700 Chicken patty, fillet, or tenders, breaded, cooked −1.72 −4.22
24198740 Chicken nuggets −0.82 −2.07
25210210 Frankfurter or hot dog, beef −7.51 −14.08
25230210 Ham, sliced, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat −8.82 −6.89
25230310 Chicken or turkey loaf, prepackaged or deli, luncheon meat −5.92 −3.88
28140720 Chicken patty, or nuggets, boneless, breaded, potatoes, vegetable (frozen meal) −1.09 −4.19

31105000
Eggs
Egg, whole, fried

−0.49

−0.45
32105000 Egg omelet or scrambled egg, fat added in cooking −0.15 −0.28

41205010
Legumes and Nuts
Refried beans

1.25

2.32
42100100 Almonds, NFS 7.33 12.65
42202000 Peanut butter 0.62 1.17
42202150 Peanut butter, reduced fat 1.16 2.17

51101000
Grain Products
Bread, white

−1.79

−2.37
51300110 Bread, whole wheat, NS as to 100% −0.08 −0.11
51301010 Bread, wheat or cracked wheat −0.29 −0.38
52215100 Tortilla, corn 2.98 3.58
52215200 Tortilla, flour (wheat) −0.70 −1.21
53105260 Cake, chocolate, devil's food, or fudge, with icing, coating, or filling, made from home recipe or purchased ready-to-eat −9.28 −27.75
53206000 Cookie, chocolate chip −7.08 −10.06
53540400 Kellogg's Nutri-Grain Cereal Bar −3.11 −4.68
54301000 Cracker, snack −1.33 −2.01
54401050 Salty snacks, corn or cornmeal base, corn puffs and twists; corn-cheese puffs and twists −1.01 −1.71
54401080 Salty snacks, corn or cornmeal base, tortilla chips 1.27 1.87
54403020 Popcorn, popped in oil, buttered −2.45 −4.38
54403070 Popcorn, popped in oil, low-fat 0.16 0.20
54408010 Pretzels, hard −2.74 −3.12
55101000 Pancakes, plain −0.87 −2.16
56205010 Rice, white, cooked, regular, fat not added in cooking −2.47 −4.46
56205110 Rice, brown, cooked, regular, fat not added in cooking −1.97 −3.03
58106225 Pizza, cheese, regular crust −2.66 −9.83
58132310 Spaghetti with tomato sauce and meatballs or spaghetti with meat sauce or spaghetti with meat sauce and meatballs −0.25 −0.94

61119010
Fruit
Orange, raw

5.86

3.85
61210220 Orange juice, canned, bottled or in a carton 2.60 3.05
61210250 Orange juice, with calcium added, canned, bottled or in a carton 10.15 11.45
63101000 Apple, raw 3.60 2.62
63107010 Banana, raw 3.35 4.18
63149010 Watermelon, raw 3.41 2.86
63223020 Strawberries, raw 7.49 3.36
64100110 Fruit juice blend, 100% juice 2.55 3.19
64104010 Apple juice 1.30 1.43

71101000
Vegetables
White potato, baked, peel not eaten (with added salt)

−1.16

−1.17
White potato, baked, peel not eaten (no added salt)a 3.11 3.14
71201010 White potato, chips 1.93 3.13
71401030 White potato, french fries, from frozen, deep fried 0.15 0.34
72125100 Spinach, raw 30.62 5.99
73101010 Carrots, raw 6.89 2.40
74101000 Tomatoes, raw 12.40 1.90
74401010 Tomato catsup −25.28 −3.68
74402150 Salsa, red, cooked, not homemade −17.42 −1.51
75113000 Lettuce, raw 12.89 1.53
75117020 Onions, mature, raw 4.94 1.68
75503010 Cucumber pickles, dill −86.08 −3.10

81101000
Fats, Oils, and Dressings
Butter, stick, salted

−11.55

−11.76
81101010 Butter, whipped, tub, salted −11.73 −7.90
81103080 Margarine-like spread, tub, salted −0.45 −0.35
83106000 Italian dressing, made with vinegar and oil −8.98 −7.84
83107000 Mayonnaise, regular −0.85 −0.92
83110000 Mayonnaise-type salad dressing −3.20 −1.87
83112500 Creamy dressing, made with sour cream and/or buttermilk and oil −3.22 −4.69
83205500 Italian dressing, reduced calorie, fat-free −33.41 −4.71

91101010
Sweets and Beverages
Sugar, white, granulated or lump

−17.22

−2.67
91107000 Sucralose-based sweetener, sugar substitute 0.00 0.00
91401000 Jelly, all flavors −11.30 −5.71
91705010 Milk chocolate candy, plain −9.27 −19.84
91745020 Hard candy −10.72 −6.34
92101000 Coffee, made from ground, regular 16.66 0.52
92302000 Tea, leaf, unsweetened 9.53 0.25
92302200 Tea, leaf, presweetened with sugar −16.24 −7.79
92410310 Soft drink, cola-type −15.99 −14.20
92410320 Soft drink, cola-type, sugar-free 2.94 0.14
92510610 Fruit juice drink −13.05 −14.40
92530610 Fruit juice drink, with high vitamin C −10.93 −12.33
92560100 Gatorade Thirst Quencher sports drink −15.49 −9.67