Persons With Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities: Selected Findings from the 1987 National Medical Expenditure Survey. Characteristics by Level of Mental Retardation

12/01/1989

Table 36 presents estimates of selected characteristics of residents with mental retardation and related conditions in mental retardation facilities by their reported level of retardation or for those residents reported to have "related conditions" only.

Activities of Daily Living

Statistics on independent performance of selected activities of daily living showed clear and expected associations with level of mental retardation. Among persons with borderline/mild, moderate and severe mental retardation there were progressive decreases in the proportion of residents reported to be independent in performance of activities of daily living as the reported severity of cognitive impairment increased. But among people with profound mental retardation, there was much less independence reported in key activities of daily living than among people with severe mental retardation. With respect to the proportion independently performing key activities of daily living, persons with related conditions only (i.e., reported not to be mentally retarded) tended as a group to have reported levels of independence which averaged in the range between people with moderate and people with severe mental retardation. However, it should be noted that this group represented only about 1% of the sample (33 sample members) and these estimates have limited reliability.

There was a notable magnitude of the difference between residents with mild/borderline mental retardation and profound mental retardation in ability to perform basic self-care tasks independently. An estimated 79.5% of the former, but only 6.5% of the latter were reported to be able to bathe independently; 85% of the former, but only 9% of the latter were reported to be able to dress themselves independently. Clearly the strong association between the residents' degree of mental retardation and their abilities to perform activities of daily living independently was a primary factor in the differences among facilities in residents' levels of independence (see Tables 18-23).

Use of Special Equipment

Of the estimated 19.0% of residents of mental retardation facilities using wheelchairs, most, were profoundly retarded. The 39.1% of persons with profound mental retardation living in mental retardation facilities made up 75.6% of all mental retardation facility residents using wheelchairs. Very small proportions of residents required catheterization (.9%), with no appreciable difference by level of retardation. Very small proportions of residents used symbol systems or communication boards as their usual means of communication (1.1%). The estimated percentage of sample members with related conditions but not mental retardation using such devices (3.6%) was slightly higher than the percentage for persons with mental retardation, but this difference was not statistically significant.

Special Conditions

Epilepsy. An estimated 29.9% of persons with mental retardation and related conditions in mental retardation facilities were reported to have epilepsy. The prevalence of epilepsy was strongly associated with residents' level of retardation, occurring in an estimated 15.5% of residents with mild/borderline mental retardation, 21.5% of persons with moderate mental retardation, 26.7% of persons with moderate mental retardation, and 43.2% of persons with profound mental retardation. About two-thirds (67.0%) of the small number of mental retardation facility residents with related conditions only (i.e., not mental retardation) had epilepsy.

Cerebral palsy. An estimated 11.9% of persons with mental retardation and related conditions in mental retardation facilities were reported to have cerebral palsy. The prevalence of cerebral palsy was also substantially related with level of mental retardation, being reported for only 6.0% of residents with mild or moderate mental retardation, but 9.3% of residents with severe mental retardation and 19.5% of residents with profound mental retardation. About a quarter (25.6%) of the residents who were reported to have related conditions only had cerebral palsy.

Autism. An estimated 3.6% of the people with mental retardation and related conditions living in mental retardation facilities were indicated to have autism recorded in their medical records. This condition was most commonly recorded for persons with related conditions but not mental retardation (10.6%) and persons who were reported to be severely mentally retarded (5.7%). The lack of a higher recorded prevalence of "autism" among persons with profound mental retardation may derive from respondents attributing certain autistic-like behavior among persons with profound mental retardation (e.g., self-stimulation or detachment from other people) to the individual's profound mental retardation rather than to the condition of "autism" per se.

Blindness. An estimated 4.4% of persons with mental retardation and related conditions in mental retardation facilities were totally blind. Although relatively rare overall, blindness was associated with the level of mental retardation recorded in the medical records of sample members. While only 1.1% of persons with mild or moderate mental retardation and 2.5% of persons with severe mental retardation were reported to be blind, 9.5% of persons with profound mental retardation were reported to be blind.

Deafness. Only an estimated 1.7% of residents of mental retardation facilities were reported to be completely deaf. Deafness was not associated with level of mental retardation.

Circulatory conditions. An estimated 10.8% of residents of mental retardation facilities have circulatory system conditions. There is a small association of these conditions with the less severe levels of mental retardation. This relates to the strong association between circulatory system conditions and older age, and the lower proportions of persons with profound mental retardation among older residents.

Problem Behavior

Hurting others. An estimated 30.3% of mental retardation facility residents were reported to on occasion attempt to hurt other people. The prevalence of aggressive behavior was highest among persons with severe mental retardation (40.6%), with fairly consistent rates (between 24.7% and 30.6%) reported for other groups.

Hurting self. An estimated 24.4% of persons with mental retardation and related conditions living in mental retardation facilities were reported to on occasion hurt themselves physically. Reported prevalence was highest among persons with severe and profound mental retardation (29.4% and 29.8%, respectively) and lowest among persons with mild/borderline mental retardation and people who had related conditions but were not mentally retarded (1 3.0% and I 1.0%. respectively).

Table 2. Facility Grouping 1, Facility Operation

  Private For Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Numbers of facilities are weighted estimates based on the facility questionnaire data. Facility size is based upon the number of set up beds in reporting unit. The total facility may be larger than the reporting unit although this is presumably seldom the case. The number of residents is commonly less than the number of set up beds. National estimates of current residents from the Baseline (resident) Questionnaire and "set up beds" from the Facility Questionnaire Indicate the former to be 91.0% of the latter. Number of current residents include residents who do not have mental retardation (MR) or a related condition (RC). Number of MR/RC residents (mental retardation and related conditions) we weighted estimates from the resident baseline questionnaire. All references to MR mean MR/RC. Government operated facilities include those operated by city, county, or state. One 600 bed facility with missing data for "owner" was assumed to be government operated. Because data are weighted and rounded to nearest whole number, some totals may not equal 100%.
N of facility 4,701 1,019 5,720 5,214 747 5,962 1,138 510 1,648 11,054 2,276 13,330
Set up beds 30,018 47,196 77,214 35,502 37,349 72,851 8,348 104,999 113,347 73,867 189,544 263,411
Current res 25,629 44,676 70,304 36,050 31,557 67,607 7,803 93,904 101,707 69,481 170,137 239,619
MR/RC res 21,712 31,919 53,632 35,590 30,237 65,827 7,633 91,541 99,174 64,936 153,697 218,633

Table 3. Facility Grouping 2, Icf-mr Certification Status

  ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Numbers of facilities are weighted estimates based on the facility questionnaire data. Facility size is based upon the number of set up beds in reporting unit. The total facility may be larger than the reporting unit although this is presumably seldom the case. The number of residents is commonly less than the number of set up beds. National estimates of current residents from the Baseline (resident) Questionnaire and "set up beds" from the Facility Questionnaire Indicate the former to be 91.0% of the latter. Number of current residents include residents who do not have mental retardation (MR) or a related condition (RC). Number of MR/RC residents (mental retardation and related conditions) we weighted estimates from the resident baseline questionnaire. All references to MR mean MR/RC. There are no 800+ bed non-ICFs-MR in the sample. Based on analysis of their size and operation, facilities with missing data for "ICF-MR" were assumed to be not certified. Because data are weighted and rounded to nearest whole number, some totals may not equal 100%.
N of facility 3,330 904 4,235 7,724 1,372 9,095 11,054 2,276 13,330
Set up beds 24,083 130,580 154,663 49,784 58,964 108,748 73,867 189,544 263,411
Current res 21,420 123,089 144,509 48,062 47,048 95,109 69,481 170,137 239,619
MR/RC res 21,077 118,084 139,161 43,859 35,613 79,472 64,936 153,697 218,633

Table 4. Facility Grouping 3, Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES.Numbers of facilities are weighted estimates based on the facility questionnaire data. Facility size is based upon the number of set up beds in reporting unit. The total facility may be larger than the reporting unit although this is presumably seldom the case. The number of residents is commonly less than the number of set up beds. National estimates of current residents from the Baseline (resident) Questionnaire and "set up beds" from the Facility Questionnaire Indicate the former to be 91.0% of the latter. Number of current residents include residents who do not have mental retardation (MR) or a related condition (RC). Number of MR/RC residents (mental retardation and related conditions) we weighted estimates from the resident baseline questionnaire. All references to MR mean MR/RC.
N of facility 7,098 3,956 1,720 417 116 23 13,330
Set up beds 33,900 39,967 55,794 53,712 55,213 24,825 263,411
Current res 30,118 39,363 50,711 48,435 54,555 16,436 239,619
MR/RC res 28,241 36,694 40,580 44,194 52,487 16,436 218,633

Table 5. Basic Administrative Data By Icf-mr Certification Status And Facility Operation

  Facility Operation All Facilities
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Total maintained capacity is number of set up beds in reporting unit, estimated from weighted data on facility questionnaire. Total current residents and residents with MR/RC we weighted estimates from resident baseline questionnaire. Most facilities with Medicaid certification (78.4%) we indicated to be 100% certified. For other facilities with Medicaid certification, total ICF, ICF-MR, and SNF beds we estimated to be the number of set up beds multiplied by the midpoint of multiple categories (e.g., 0-10% = 5%) of the recoded variables "percent of beds certified." Facilities with missing bad certification data but which are ICF-MR certified are assumed to be 100% ICF-MR. Per diems by range are the estimated percentage of residents in each facility category living in facilities In each per diem range. Facility size weights are "set up beds." Direct care personnel estimates are expressed as number of FTE direct care staff (licensed nurses, nurses aids/orderlies, recreating/activity staff, and "all other care staff") per set up bad. "Part time" assumed to equal 50% FTE. Data are weighted to represent correct proportions of set up beds (approximately equal to the number of residents). Row and column totals may not be equal because of differences in missing data across cells.
ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total maintained capacity 7,188 20,779 27,967 13,394 11,796 25,189 3,501 100,375 103,876 24,083 130,580 157,033
Total current residents 6,264 18,409 24,673 12,153 12,703 24,856 3,003 89,607 92,610 21,420 123,089 144,509
Total MR/RC residents 6,128 18,228 24,356 11,946 12,302 24,248 3,004 87,554 90,556 21,077 118,084 139,161
Total ICF-MR beds 7,188 18,409 25,598 13,393 11,796 25,189 3,501 100,375 103,876 24,083 123,089 154,663
Direct care per bed 0.60 1.02 0.91 1.06 0.91 0.99 10.70 1.54 1.53 0.92 1.41 1.33
Per diems by range                        
$1-$30 29.0% 13.5 17.7 11.3 23.4 17.1 7.7 0.0 0.2 16.5 4.0 5.9
31-55 21.3 51.5 43.3 15.1 20.8 17.9 0.0 0.8 0.8 15.1 10.1 10.8
56-80 38.7 27.6 30.6 37.5 20.1 29.1 20.1 12.5 12.7 35.6 15.4 18.4
81-105 0.0 7.4 5.4 21.2 15.7 18.5 35.5 23.2 23.6 16.3 20.2 19.6
106+ 11.1 0.0 3.0 14.9 20.1 17.4 36.7 63.5 62.8 16.5 50.3 45.4
NOT ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total maintained capacity 22,830 28,786 51,616 23,897 25,554 47,661 4,847 4,624 9,461 49,784 58,964 108,748
Total current residents 19,365 23,896 43,261 23,897 18,854 42,751 4,800 4,297 9,098 48,062 47,048 95,109
Total MR/RC residents 15,584 13,691 29,275 23,644 17,935 41,579 4,631 3,987 8,618 43,859 35,613 79,472
Total SNF/ICF beds 427 745 1,173 0 0 0 649 250 899 1,076 995 2,072
Direct care 0.44 0.46 0.45 0.76 0.88 0.83 0.90 0.97 0.94 0.63 0.69 0.66
Per diems by range                        
$1-$30 76.4% 67.5 71.1 42.6 28.3 34.2 22.9 13.3 17.6 55.7 45.0 49.5
31-55 5.5 16.7 12.2 30.2 30.3 30.2 30.8 0.0 13.9 19.4 21.8 20.8
56-80 5.4 8.7 7.4 13.9 19.5 17.2 0.4 11.3 6.4 8.9 14.0 11.9
81-105 5.0 3.6 4.2 4.0 7.8 6.3 19.7 14.3 16.7 5.8 6.4 6.2
106+ 7.8 3.5 5.2 9.3 14.1 12.1 26.1 61.1 45.3 10.1 12.8 11.7
ALL FACILITIES
Total maintained capacity 30,018 47,196 77,214 35,502 37,349 72,851 8,348 104,999 113,347 73,867 189,544 265,781
Total current residents 25,629 44,676 70,304 36,050 31,557 67,607 7,803 93,904 101,707 69,481 170,137 239,619
Total MR/RC residents 21,712 31,919 53,632 35,590 30,237 65,827 7,633 91,541 99,174 64,936 153,697 218,633
Total Medicaid beds 7,615 19,154 26,769 13,394 11,796 25,189 4,150 100,624 104,775 25,160 131,575 156,735
Total ICF-MR beds 7,188 18,409 25,598 13,394 11,796 25,189 3,501 100,375 103,876 24,083 130,580 154,663
Direct care 0.48 0.69 0.61 0.87 0.89 0.88 0.97 1.51 1.48 0.72 1.18 1.06
Per diems by range                        
$1-$30 63.3 45.3 51.7 30.7 26.9 28.6 16.3 0.6 1.5 42.2 17.1 23.5
31-55 9.9 31.0 23.5 24.4 27.6 26.2 17.5 0.8 1.8 17.9 13.8 14.8
56-80 14.6 16.5 15.8 22.9 19.7 21.1 8.9 12.4 12.2 18.1 14.9 15.7
81-105 3.6 5.2 4.6 10.6 10.1 10.3 26.5 22.8 23.0 9.4 15.8 14.2
106+ 8.7 2.1 4.4 11.4 15.8 13.8 30.7 63.4 61.4 12.3 38.4 31.8

Table 6. Basic Administrative Data by Icf-mr Certification Status and Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. Total maintained capacity is number of set up beds in reporting unit, estimated from weighted data on facility questionnaire. Total current residents and residents with MR/RC we weighted estimates from resident baseline questionnaire. Most facilities with Medicaid certification (78.4%) we indicated to be 100% certified. For other facilities with Medicaid certification, total ICF, ICF-MR, and SNF beds we estimated to be the number of set up beds multiplied by the midpoint of multiple categories (e.g., 0-10% = 5%) of the recoded variables "percent of beds certified." Facilities with missing bad certification data but which are ICF-MR certified are assumed to be 100% ICF-MR. Per diems by range are the estimated percentage of residents in each facility category living in facilities In each per diem range. Facility size weights are "set up beds." Direct care personnel estimates are expressed as number of FTE direct care staff (licensed nurses, nurses aids/orderlies, recreating/activity staff, and "all other care staff") per set up bad. "Part time" assumed to equal 50% FTE. Data are weighted to represent correct proportions of set up beds (approximately equal to the number of residents). Row and column totals may not be equal because of differences in missing data across cells.
ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total maintained capacity 10,233 13,850 17,503 34,926 53,326 24,825 154,663
Total current residents 8,871 12,549 19,190 34,747 52,717 16,436 144,509
Total MR/RC residents 8,528 12,549 17,979 32,553 51,117 16,436 139,161
Total ICF-MR beds 10,233 13,850 17,503 34,926 53,326 24,825 154,663
Direct care 0.88 0.95 1.32 1.34 1.56 1.21 1.33
Per diems by range              
$1-$30 36.3% 0.0 11.1 8.7 0.0 0.0 5.9
31-55 7.3 21.6 20.7 24.8 0.0 0.0 10.8
56-80 21.3 47.5 17.6 14.1 14.1 18.5 18.4
81-105 21.8 11.7 14.0 8.4 30.3 22.5 19.6
106+ 13.2 19.2 36.6 44.0 55.7 59.0 45.4
NOT ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total maintained capacity 23,667 26,117 38,291 18,787 1,887 0 108,748
Total current residents 21,247 26,814 31,521 13,689 1,838 0 95,109
Total MR/RC residents 19,713 24,146 22,602 11,642 1,370 0 79,472
Total SNF/ICF beds 427 649 0 995 0 0 2,072
Direct care 0.68 0.58 0.62 0.84 0.52 0.00 0.66
Per diems by range              
$1-$30 50.3% 59.7 47.5 38.3 67.0 0.0 49.5
31-55 10.1 26.1 25.8 12.6 33.0 0.0 20.8
56-80 12.5 6.4 7.9 27.7 0.0 0.0 11.9
81-105 8.7 3.7 4.3 11.3 0.0 0.0 6.2
106+ 18.4 4.1 14.5 10.1 0.0 0.0 11.7
ALL FACILITIES
Total maintained capacity 33,900 39,967 55,794 53,712 55,213 24,825 263,411
Total current residents 30,118 39,363 50,711 48,435 54,555 16,436 239,619
Total MR/RC residents 28,241 36,694 40,580 44,194 52,487 16,436 218,633
Total Medicaid beds 10,661 14,499 17,503 35,921 53,326 24,825 156,735
Total ICF-MR beds 10,233 13,850 17,503 34,926 53,326 24,825 154,663
Direct care 0.74 0.71 0.83 1.54 1.54 1.21 1.06
Per diems by range              
$1-$30 45.2% 39.9 36.5 18.6 1.9 0.0 23.5
31-55 9.1 24.6 24.2 20.7 0.9 0.0 14.8
56-80 15.7 20.0 10.8 18.6 13.7 18.5 15.7
81-105 13.5 6.4 7.2 9.3 29.4 22.5 14.2
106+ 16.5 9.1 21.2 32.8 54.1 59.0 13.8

Table 7. Basic Resident Movement by Icf-mr Certification and Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Movement data are expressed as percent of set up beds. Table includes only facilities that were open all of 1986. It excludes a small number of facilities whose number of admissions or number of releases exceeded bed capacity. Certain facilities serve as diagnostic, placement and/or crisis centers. They receive and discharge large number of residents each year. These were excluded in order to reflect the movement status of persons in typical residential settings.
ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total current residents 6,264 20,779 27,043 12,153 12,703 24,856 3,003 89,607 92,610 21,420 123,089 144,509
Average 1986 admission rate 19.0 14.5 15.8 11.5 9.8 10.7 10.8 6.6 6.8 13.6 8.0 9.0
Average 1986 live discharge rate 14.3 12.1 12.8 8.7 8.0 8.4 3.9 9.7 9.5 9.8 9.9 9.9
Average 1986 death rate 0.8 1.7 1.5 0.8 1.7 1.2 0.0 1.4 1.4 0.7 1.5 1.4
Rate of wait listing 11.0 11.0 11.0 27.9 23.7 25.8 15.1 3.4 3.6 21.0 6.2 7.9
NOT ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total current residents 19,365 23,896 43,261 23,897 18,854 42,751 4,800 4,297 9,098 48,062 47,048 95,109
Average 1986 admission rate 21.5 20.4 20.9 12.8 10.3 11.6 15.9 8.9 12.5 17.1 15.4 16.2
Average 1986 live discharge rate 15.1 16.0 15.6 12.8 12.3 12.5 15.6 10.0 12.9 14.1 14.0 14.0
Average 1986 death rate 1.5 2.4 2.0 0.5 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.0 1.9 1.5
Rate of wait listing 3.8 5.6 4.9 12.2 37.3 26.2 13.0 0.8 4.8 7.3 15.1 11.8
ALL FACILITIES
Total current residents 25,629 44,676 70,304 36,050 31,556 67,607 7,803 93,904 101,707 69,481 170,137 239,619
Average 1986 admission rate 20.9 18.1 19.1 12.3 10.1 11.2 13.9 6.7 7.3 15.9 10.2 11.9
Average 1986 live discharge rate 14.9 14.4 14.6 11.1 10.8 11.0 10.9 9.7 9.8 12.6 11.1 11.5
Average 1986 death rate 1.3 2.1 1.8 0.6 1.5 1.0 0.5 1.4 1.3 0.9 1.6 1.4
Rate of wait listing 5.1 7.9 6.9 18.5 32.4 26.0 13.8 3.3 3.7 11.3 8.9 9.4

Table 8. Basic Resident Movement by ICF-MR Certification and Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total current residents 8,871 12,549 19,190 34,747 52,717 16,436 144,509
1986 admission rate 17.7 10.6 16.1 10.4 6.8 2.5 9.0
1986 live discharge rate 11.3 8.6 10.8 10.4 11.7 4.6 9.9
1986 death rate 0.8 0.6 2.7 1.1 1.3 1.7 1.4
Rate of wait listing 7.8 33.4 24.3 7.2 2.5 1.2 7.9
NOT ICF-MR CERTIFIED
Total current residents 21,247 26,814 31,521 13,689 1,838 0 95,109
1986 admission rate 19.4 14.9 14.8 16.5 18.4 0.0 16.2
1986 live discharge rate 15.6 12.7 12.9 16.7 14.3 0.0 14.0
1986 death rate 1.1 0.9 2.0 1.7 1.0 0.0 1.5
Rate of wait listing 6.5 8.2 18.1 8.7 3.1 0.0 11.8
ALL FACILITIES
Total current residents 30,118 39,363 50,711 48,435 54,555 16,436 239,619
1986 admission rate 18.9 13.4 15.2 12.2 7.2 2.5 11.9
1986 live discharge rate 14.2 11.3 12.3 12.2 11.8 4.6 11.5
1986 death rate 1.0 0.8 2.2 1.3 1.3 1.7 1.4
Rate of wait listing 6.9 16.0 19.9 7.6 2.5 1.2 9.4
NOTES. Movement data are expressed as percent of set up beds. Table includes only facilities that were open all of 1986. It excludes a small number of facilities whose number of admissions or number of releases exceeded bed capacity. Certain facilities serve as diagnostic, placement and/or crisis centers. These receive and discharge large number of residents each year. They were excluded in order to reflect the movement status of persons in typical residential settings.

Table 9. Residents with Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Mental Retardation or Related Conditions and Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Statistics presented are proportion of total estimated population in each facility category indicated to have either mental retardation or a related condition by level of mental retardation or, if not indicated to have mental retardation, by a related condition. Columns may not add to 100% because of rounding. Statistics on residents with "related conditions only" are based only on 33 of the total 3,616 sample members.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Mild/Borderline 29.3 27.2 28.1 32.7 31.9 32.4 24.2 8.7 9.9 30.6 16.9 20.9
Moderate 31.4 24.5 27.3 34.4 25.1 30.2 17.4 11.4 11.9 31.4 16.7 21.0
Severe 25.6 18.0 21.0 20.2 17.5 19.0 32.7 21.1 21.1 23.5 19.2 20.5
Profound 11.1 28.6 21.6 12.5 23.6 17.6 25.5 56.9 56.9 13.6 46.3 36.7
Total 97.4 98.3 98.0 99.8 98.1 99.2 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.1 99.1 99.1
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy only 1.7 1.5 1.6 0.2 0.8 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.7 0.6 0.6
Cerebral palsy only 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.0 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2
Autism only 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Spina bifida only 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple related conditions 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Total 2.6 1.7 2.0 0.2 1.8 1.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 1.0 0.9 0.9

Table 10. Residents with Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Mental Retardation or Related Conditions and Certification Status

  ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Statistics presented are proportion of total estimated population in each facility category indicated to have either mental retardation or a related condition by level of mental retardation or, if not indicated to have mental retardation, by a related condition. Columns may not add to 100% because of rounding. Statistics on residents with "related conditions only" are based only on 33 of the total 3,616 sample members.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Mild/Borderline 29.8 11.8 14.6 30.9 35.0 32.7 30.6 16.9 20.9
Moderate 27.7 13.4 15.6 33.2 28.3 31.0 31.4 16.7 21.0
Severe 25.4 19.7 20.5 22.6 17.5 20.3 23.5 19.2 20.5
Profound 16.5 54.5 48.8 12.1 17.4 14.5 13.6 46.3 36.7
Total 99.4 99.4 99.5 98.8 98.2 98.5 99.1 99.1 99.1
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy only 0.2 0.4 0.4 9.0 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.6
Cerebral palsy only 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Autism only 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Spina bifida only 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple related conditions 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 0.5 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.7 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.8

Table 11. Residents with Mental Retardation and Related Conditions in Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Mental Retardation or Related Conditions and Facility Operation

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. Statistics presented are proportion of total estimated population in each facility category indicated to have either mental retardation or a related condition by level of mental retardation or, if not indicated to have mental retardation, by a related condition. Columns may not add to 100% because of rounding. Statistics on residents with "related conditions only" are based only on 33 of the total 3,616 sample members.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Mild/Borderline 27.2 33.4 31.7 18.1 8.1 7.3 20.9
Moderate 29.8 32.5 26.3 18.3 9.5 13.0 21.0
Severe 23.9 23.2 17.5 21.8 19.1 16.9 20.5
Profound 17.8 10.4 22.7 40.9 63.0 62.9 36.7
Total 98.7 99.3 98.2 99.1 99.7 100.1 99.1
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy only 0.7 0.7 1.3 0.6 0.3 0.0 0.6
Cerebral palsy only 0.5 0.0 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2
Autism only 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Spina bifida only 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Multiple related conditions 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total 1.3 0.7 1.8 1.0 0.3 0.0 0.9

Table 12. Number and Type of Related Disabilities Among Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Blindness is defined as inability, with use of corrective lenses, to recognize (because of visual acuity) familiar people at a distance of 2 or 3 feet. Deafness is defined as inability, with a hearing aid, to hear things said to him or her. Data on "related conditions only" are percent of residents reported not to have mental retardation within each of five types of related condition, who have the additional condition listed. Within groups, columns do not always total 100% because some residents with related conditions only had more than one listed. "Total residents with MR/RC" includes percentage of all residents with and without MR who have the listed conditions. Only 33 sample members (out of 3,618 total) were indicated to have "related conditions only."
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild                        
Epilepsy 19.1 15.3 16.9 15.6 12.1 14.0 4.8 17.5 15.1 15.6 14.8 15.2
Cerebral Palsy 3.1 3.7 3.5 6.8 9.1 7.8 7.4 2.6 3.5 5.7 5.3 5.5
Autism 0.6 2.5 1.7 0.9 3.2 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 2.0 1.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 1.4 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.5
Blind or Deaf 1.4 2.7 2.2 4.5 0.7 2.8 0.0 2.1 1.7 3.1 1.8 2.3
Moderate                        
Epilepsy 19.9 15.9 17.7 16.0 21.5 18.1 17.1 33.4 31.5 17.3 24.7 21.5
Cerebral Palsy 4.8 9.5 7.4 6.7 9.2 7.6 3.1 3.2 3.2 5.9 6.8 6.4
Autism 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.0 8.5 4.5 0.0 3.2 2.9 1.9 4.5 3.3
Spina Bifida 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.7 0.0 1.1 0.9 0.6 1.0 0.8
Blind or Deaf 1.4 5.5 3.6 2.3 4.4 3.1 7.6 4.6 4.9 2.4 4.8 3.7
Severe                        
Epilepsy 20.3 19.2 19.7 16.5 17.6 17.0 31.9 36.1 35.6 20.4 29.6 26.5
Cerebral Palsy 10.7 12.6 11.7 3.8 10.8 6.7 28.7 6.7 9.3 10.4 8.6 9.2
Autism 9.4 1.3 5.2 6.0 14.2 9.5 2.2 3.7 3.5 6.5 5.1 5.6
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.4 0.6 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.0 0.6 0.4
Blind or Deaf 4.5 1.8 3.1 3.8 8.6 5.8 3.3 4.4 4.2 4.0 4.6 4.4
Profound                        
Epilepsy 36.5 43.4 42.1 26.1 36.1 32.3 25.1 46.3 45.5 28.6 44.9 43.2
Cerebral Palsy 17.2 33.2 29.9 10.7 30.2 22.6 17.4 16.8 15.8 13.9 20.2 19.5
Autism 6.2 3.3 3.9 5.6 13.7 10.7 0.0 2.2 2.2 4.5 3.5 3.6
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.5
Blind or Deaf 8.2 9.0 8.8 6.0 17.1 12.9 12.3 15.1 15.0 8.0 14.5 13.8
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy 66.3 100.0 82.8 100.0 43.5 49.9 0.0 100.0 100.0 70.1 75.9 74.1
Cerebral Palsy 26.7 0.0 13.7 0.0 56.5 50.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.7 24.1 24.0
Autism 7.0 12.3 9.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 6.2 5.0 5.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blind or Deaf 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
TOTAL RESIDENTSWITH MR/RC
Epilepsy 22.8 25.6 24.5 17.4 21.7 19.3 21.0 40.4 38.9 19.6 33.8 29.6
Cerebral Palsy 7.8 15.1 12.2 6.6 15.2 10.6 16.2 12.0 12.3 8.2 13.2 11.7
Autism 4.1 2.6 3.2 2.9 8.9 5.6 0.7 2.5 2.3 3.0 3.7 3.5
Spina Bifida 0.3 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.0 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5
Blind or Deaf 2.9 5.0 4.2 3.8 6.9 5.2 5.5 10.5 10.2 3.7 8.7 7.2

Table 13. Number and Types of Related Disabilities Among Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Certification Status

  ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Blindness is defined as inability, with use of corrective lenses, to recognize (because of visual acuity) familiar people at a distance of 2 or 3 feet. Deafness is defined as inability, with a hearing aid, to hear things said to him or her. Data on "related conditions only" are percent of residents reported not to have mental retardation within each of five types of related condition, who have the additional condition listed. Within groups, columns do not always total 100% because some residents with related conditions only had more than one listed. "Total residents with MR/RC" includes percentage of all residents with and without MR who have the listed conditions. Only 33 sample members (out of 3,618 total) were indicated to have "related conditions only."
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild                  
Epilepsy 18.9 15.7 16.7 14.0 13.8 13.9 15.6 14.8 15.2
Cerebral Palsy 5.2 7.9 7.1 6.0 2.4 4.2 5.7 5.3 5.5
Autism 0.0 1.1 0.8 1.1 3.0 2.0 0.7 2.0 1.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 1.3 0.9 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.7 0.5
Blind or Deaf 2.1 2.4 2.3 3.5 1.0 2.3 3.1 1.8 2.3
Moderate                  
Epilepsy 22.7 26.7 25.6 15.1 21.5 17.7 17.3 24.7 21.5
Cerebral Palsy 5.7 7.3 6.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9 6.8 6.4
Autism 3.1 2.8 2.9 1.4 7.2 3.8 1.9 4.5 3.3
Spina Bifida 1.1 1.5 1.4 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.6 1.0 0.8
Blind or Deaf 2.3 6.1 5.1 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.4 4.8 3.7
Severe                  
Epilepsy 18.5 32.5 29.9 21.5 18.1 20.2 20.4 29.6 26.5
Cerebral Palsy 10.9 8.8 9.2 10.1 7.6 9.2 10.4 8.6 9.2
Autism 4.6 3.6 3.7 7.6 11.3 9.1 6.5 5.1 5.6
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.4 0.3 0.0 1.3 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.5
Blind or Deaf 3.0 4.3 4.1 4.5 5.8 5.0 4.0 4.6 4.4
Profound                  
Epilepsy 27.6 44.6 43.3 29.2 48.4 39.6 28.6 44.9 43.2
Cerebral Palsy 5.3 19.7 19.0 19.7 25.1 22.5 13.9 20.2 19.5
Autism 2.1 2.5 2.4 6.1 15.0 10.9 4.5 3.5 3.6
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.0 0.7 0.9 0.5 0.5
Blind or Deaf 10.9 14.2 14.0 6.1 17.8 12.4 8.0 14.5 13.8
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy 33.0 72.1 66.8 78.1 80.3 79.3 70.1 75.9 74.1
Cerebral Palsy 67.0 27.9 33.2 14.4 19.7 17.3 23.7 24.1 24.0
Autism 0.0 0.0 0.0 7.5 10.6 9.2 6.2 5.0 5.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blind or Deaf 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
TOTAL RESIDENTS WITH MR/RC
Epilepsy 21.4 36.6 34.3 18.7 23.9 21.0 19.6 33.8 29.6
Cerebral Palsy 7.1 14.6 13.5 8.7 8.5 8.6 8.2 13.2 11.7
Autism 2.3 2.6 2.5 3.3 7.9 5.4 3.0 3.7 3.5
Spina Bifida 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5
Blind or Deaf 3.9 9.7 8.8 3.6 5.2 4.3 3.7 8.7 7.2

Table 14. Number and Type of Related Disabilities Among Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. Blindness is defined as inability, with use of corrective lenses, to recognize (because of visual acuity) familiar people at a distance of 2 or 3 feet. Deafness is defined as inability, with a hearing aid, to hear things said to him or her. Data on "related conditions only" are percent of residents reported not to have mental retardation within each of five types of related condition, who have the additional condition listed. Within groups, columns do not always total 100% because some residents with related conditions only had more than one listed. "Total residents with MR/RC" includes percentage of all residents with and without MR who have the listed conditions. Only 33 sample members (out of 3,618 total) were indicated to have "related conditions only."
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild              
Epilepsy 13.3 17.1 13.2 16.1 18.2 10.6 15.2
Cerebral Palsy 5.0 6.2 6.5 4.9 4.4 0.0 5.5
Autism 1.0 0.5 3.6 0.9 0.0 0.0 1.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.4 0.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.5
Blind or Deaf 3.1 3.1 1.0 2.7 0.0 10.6 2.3
Moderate              
Epilepsy 24.3 12.5 21.1 22.3 31.3 36.3 21.5
Cerebral Palsy 3.1 7.8 6.3 10.9 2.7 3.3 6.4
Autism 3.3 0.9 4.7 4.6 3.9 4.1 3.3
Spina Bifida 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 2.2 0.0 0.8
Blind or Deaf 0.7 3.5 4.7 4.0 2.8 12.6 3.7
Severe              
Epilepsy 22.3 19.0 21.3 26.7 37.5 31.3 26.5
Cerebral Palsy 12.3 9.0 5.5 15.0 5.6 4.9 9.2
Autism 8.9 4.7 10.3 3.5 3.6 3.9 5.6
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.4
Blind or Deaf 1.7 5.7 6.7 3.7 4.9 1.9 4.4
Profound              
Epilepsy 34.0 21.7 43.4 43.0 46.4 44.7 43.2
Cerebral Palsy 13.5 14.4 36.6 21.9 16.8 14.0 19.5
Autism 4.3 4.7 10.7 2.7 1.9 4.0 3.6
Spina Bifida 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.2 0.5
Blind or Deaf 8.8 7.0 16.4 13.1 14.3 16.1 13.8
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
Epilepsy 51.2 100.0 82.8 57.3 100.0 0.0 74.1
Cerebral Palsy 38.7 0.0 17.2 42.7 0.0 0.0 24.0
Autism 10.1 0.0 9.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.4
Spina Bifida 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Blind or Deaf 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
TOTAL RESIDENTS WITHMR/RC
Epilepsy 22.8 17.1 24.8 31.0 41.1 38.9 29.6
Cerebral Palsy 8.1 8.2 13.4 15.5 12.3 10.1 11.7
Autism 4.3 2.1 6.8 2.8 2.3 3.7 3.5
Spina Bifida 0.5 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.5
Blind or Deaf 3.0 4.2 6.4 7.4 10.2 12.8 7.2

Table 15. Age Distribution of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Retardation Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Borderline/Mild/Moderate category includes 2.5% of estimated population which was reported to be mentally retarded, but whose level of retardation was not reported. The "related conditions only" category is based on only 33 (of 3,618 total) sample members.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild/                        
Moderate                        
0-14 years 6.6 2.3 4.2 0.1 5.1 2.2 4.0 3.9 3.9 2.6 3.8 3.3
15-21 years 6.8 4.2 5.3 9.1 18.3 13.0 8.2 5.7 6.1 8.2 9.4 8.9
22-39 years 40.1 43.2 41.8 58.9 48.2 54.4 43.1 51.0 49.8 51.4 47.6 49.2
40-54 years 24.6 27.4 26.2 22.9 20.7 22.0 28.2 16.6 18.3 23.9 21.4 22.5
55-64 years 10.7 14.1 12.6 7.0 6.4 6.7 10.5 9.8 9.9 8.5 10.1 9.4
65+ years 11.2 8.8 9.9 2.0 1.3 1.7 6.0 13.0 12.0 5.4 7.8 6.7
Severe/Profound                        
0-14 years 7.9 9.8 9.2 3.6 11.9 7.9 12.5 3.4 3.9 6.7 5.3 5.6
15-21 years 17.1 14.3 15.2 12.1 16.4 14.3 8.4 10.9 10.8 13.0 12.1 12.3
22-39 years 50.0 52.0 51.3 61.9 44.3 52.8 37.7 56.0 54.9 53.5 54.0 53.9
40-54 years 14.8 14.6 14.7 18.0 18.1 18.0 23.2 18.2 18.5 18.0 17.7 17.8
55-64 years 5.9 5.7 5.8 3.5 8.5 6.1 10.5 6.2 6.4 5.6 6.4 6.3
65+ years 4.3 3.6 3.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 7.7 5.3 5.4 3.2 4.5 4.3
RELATED CONDITI ONS ONLY
0-14 years 13.4 0.0 6.8 0.0 13.4 11.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.8 5.7 7.7
15-21 years 0.0 33.7 16.5 0.0 8.3 7.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 17.2 11.6
22-39 years 41.3 10.5 26.3 0.0 34.7 30.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 36.6 19.1 24.7
40-54 years 10.4 0.0 5.3 100.0 13.5 23.2 0.0 32.4 32.4 20.6 11.2 14.2
55-64 years 13.0 33.9 23.2 0.0 30.1 26.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 11.5 26.6 21.7
65+ years 21.9 21.9 21.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 67.6 67.6 19.4 20.3 20.0
TOTAL MR AND RC
0-14 years 7.2 5.6 6.3 1.2 8.0 4.3 8.9 3.5 3.9 4.2 4.8 4.6
15-21 years 10.1 9.1 9.5 10.0 17.4 13.4 8.3 9.8 9.7 9.9 11.2 10.8
22-39 years 43.5 46.6 45.3 59.7 46.4 53.6 40.0 54.8 53.7 52.0 51.5 51.6
40-54 years 20.9 21.3 21.1 21.5 19.5 20.6 25.3 17.9 18.5 21.8 18.9 19.8
55-64 years 9.1 10.7 10.0 5.9 7.6 6.7 10.5 6.9 7.2 7.5 7.8 7.7
65+ years 9.1 6.7 7.7 1.6 1.1 1.4 7.0 7.0 7.0 4.8 5.8 5.5

Table 16. Age Distribution of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Retardation and Certification Status

  ICF-MR CertificationStatus
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Borderline/Mild/Moderate category includes 2.5% of estimated population which was reported to be mentally retarded, but whose level of retardation was not reported. The "related conditions only" category is based on only 33 of 3,618 total sample members.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild/ Moderate                  
0-14 years 1.5 3.6 3.0 3.1 4.0 3.5 2.6 3.8 3.3
15-21 years 9.1 6.6 7.3 7.9 13.0 10.1 8.2 9.4 8.9
22-39 years 49.2 50.2 49.9 52.3 44.1 48.6 51.4 47.6 49.2
40-54 years 27.3 19.5 21.8 22.5 23.8 23.1 23.9 21.4 22.5
55-64 years 7.8 9.8 9.3 8.8 10.4 9.5 8.5 10.1 9.4
65+ years 5.1 10.2 8.7 5.5 4.7 5.2 5.4 7.8 6.7
Severe/Profound                  
0-14 years 2.7 4.7 4.5 9.1 9.9 9.5 6.7 5.3 5.6
15-21 years 8.1 10.9 10.7 16.0 20.8 18.1 13.0 12.1 12.3
22-39 years 60.3 54.6 55.1 49.4 49.4 49.4 53.5 54.0 53.9
40-54 years 19.2 18.4 18.5 17.2 12.2 15.0 18.0 17.7 17.8
55-64 years 8.4 6.6 6.7 4.0 5.3 4.5 5.6 6.4 6.3
65+ years 1.3 4.8 4.5 4.4 2.3 3.5 3.2 4.5 4.3
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
0-14 years 0.0 0.0 0.0 14.4 12.2 13.2 11.6 5.7 7.7
15-21 years 0.0 16.3 14.1 0.0 18.2 9.9 0.0 17.2 11.6
22-39 years 100.0 17.1 28.4 23.0 21.3 22.1 36.6 19.1 24.7
40-54 years 0.0 21.1 18.2 25.0 0.0 11.4 20.6 11.2 14.2
55-64 years 0.0 24.1 20.8 14.0 29.3 22.3 11.5 26.6 21.7
65+ years 0.0 21.4 18.5 23.6 18.9 21.1 19.4 20.3 20.0
TOTAL MR AND RC
0-14 years 2.0 4.4 4.0 5.2 6.1 5.6 4.2 4.8 4.6
15-21 years 8.6 9.8 9.7 10.4 15.6 12.8 9.9 11.2 10.8
22-39 years 54.0 53.3 53.4 51.0 45.5 48.5 52.0 51.5 51.6
40-54 years 23.8 18.7 19.5 20.8 19.6 20.3 21.8 18.9 19.8
55-64 years 8.0 7.5 7.6 7.2 9.0 8.0 7.5 7.8 7.7
65+ years 3.5 6.3 5.8 5.4 4.2 4.8 4.8 5.8 5.5

Table 17. Age Distribution of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Mental Retardation and Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
MENTALLY RETARDED
Borderline/Mild/ Moderate              
0-14 years 7.0 2.0 7.7 4.3 3.4 3.5 3.3
15-21 years 12.1 8.2 12.2 12.5 10.1 8.2 8.9
22-39 years 52.9 51.3 44.2 51.4 57.4 50.8 49.2
40-54 years 17.5 25.1 17.7 20.6 17.8 21.1 22.5
55-64 years 5.1 9.3 10.0 7.9 6.1 8.0 9.4
65+ years 5.5 4.2 8.1 3.4 5.2 8.4 6.7
Severe/Profound              
0-14 years 9.1 4.5 13.6 4.2 3.5 3.8 5.6
15-21 years 17.2 9.0 15.7 12.6 11.3 9.2 12.3
22-39 years 54.1 52.8 40.3 57.0 58.7 48.4 53.9
40-54 years 12.3 23.3 11.0 19.0 17.7 23.0 17.8
55-64 years 3.5 7.6 9.3 5.5 5.3 8.5 6.3
65+ years 3.7 2.8 9.9 1.6 3.6 7.1 4.3
RELATED CONDITIONS ONLY
0-14 years 19.4 0.0 0.0 16.5 0.0 - 7.7
15-21 years 0.0 0.0 15.8 25.0 0.0 - 11.6
22-39 years 50.4 15.0 7.9 42.7 0.0 - 24.7
40-54 years 15.1 29.1 10.7 15.8 0.0 - 14.2
55-64 years 0.0 29.6 49.2 0.0 0.0 - 21.7
65+ years 15.1 26.2 16.4 0.0 100.0 - 20.0
TOTAL MR AND RC
0-14 years 7.0 2.0 7.7 4.3 3.4 3.5 4.6
15-21 years 12.1 8.2 12.2 12.5 10.1 8.2 10.8
22-39 years 52.9 51.3 44.2 51.4 57.4 50.8 51.6
40-54 years 17.5 25.1 17.7 20.6 17.8 21.1 19.8
55-64 years 5.1 9.3 10.0 7.9 6.1 8.0 7.7
65+ years 5.5 4.2 8.1 3.4 5.2 8.4 5.5
NOTES. Borderline/Mild/Moderate category includes 2.5% of estimated population which was reported to be mentally retarded, but whose level of retardation was not reported. The "related conditions only" category is based on only 33 of 3,618 total sample members.

Table 18. Activities of Daily Living of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Operation

Activity FacilityOperation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
BATHING OR SHOWERING
No difficulty w/o help 52.5 38.6 44.2 62.3 52.2 57.6 44.7 22.2 23.9 57.0 31.5 39.1
Received assistance or supervision 47.5 61.4 55.8 37.7 47.8 42.3 55.3 77.8 76.1 43.0 68.5 60.9
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
DRESSING
No difficulty w/o help 56.3 50.9 53.1 67.7 59.0 63.7 57.1 27.3 29.6 62.6 38.4 45.6
Received assistance or supervision 43.5 49.1 46.8 32.3 40.8 36.2 42.1 72.7 70.4 37.2 61.5 54.3
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1
USING THE TOILET
No difficulty w/o help 81.6 70.5 75.0 90.1 75.9 83.5 79.8 51.7 53.9 86.0 60.4 68.1
Received assistance or supervision 16.3 20.2 18.6 8.4 18.9 13.2 12.5 32.2 30.6 11.5 27.0 22.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2
Did not do at all 1.9 9.1 6.2 1.2 5.3 3.1 6.8 16.1 15.4 2.1 12.5 9.4
GETTING IN/OUT OFBED
No difficulty w/o help 92.6 78.9 84.4 96.6 86.3 91.9 85.9 68.9 70.2 94.0 74.4 80.3
Received assistance 6.2 14.2 10.9 2.8 11.6 6.8 9.5 24.0 22.9 4.7 19.5 15.1
or supervision                        
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Did not do at all 1.3 6.7 4.5 0.5 2.1 1.2 4.6 7.0 6.8 1.3 6.0 4.6
FEEDING SELF
No difficulty w/o help 89.2 78.7 82.9 92.9 84.4 89.0 84.7 64.6 66.2 90.7 71.5 77.2
Received assistance or supervision 9.5 14.5 12.5 6.4 11.6 8.8 9.1 23.4 22.3 7.8 19.2 15.8
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.0 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.4 0.4
Did not do at all 1.3 6.5 4.4 0.4 3.9 2.0 5.6 11.4 11.0 1.3 8.9 6.6
WALKING ACROSS ROOM
No difficulty w/o help 89.3 76.2 81.5 94.0 82.5 88.7 83.4 66.0 67.4 91.2 71.4 77.3
Received assistance or supervision 5.7 8.5 7.4 3.9 6.4 5.0 8.5 11.3 11.1 5.0 9.8 8.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 1.0 1.2 1.1 0.7 1.8 1.2 1.9 1.2 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.2
Did not do at all 4.0 14.1 10.0 1.5 9.2 5.0 6.3 21.4 20.3 2.9 17.5 13.2

Table 19. Activities of Daily Living of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Certification Status

Activity ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
BATHING OR SHOWERING
No difficulty w/o help 53.9 23.8 28.4 58.5 56.9 57.7 57.0 31.5 39.1
Received assistance or supervision 46.0 76.2 71.6 41.5 43.1 42.3 43.0 68.5 60.9
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
DRESSING
No difficulty w/o help 61.8 31.6 36.2 63.1 61.1 62.2 62.6 38.4 45.6
Received assistance or supervision 38.0 68.4 63.8 36.8 38.7 37.7 37.2 61.5 54.3
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1
USING THE TOILET
No difficulty w/o help 86.6 54.2 59.1 85.7 81.2 83.7 86.0 60.4 68.1
Received assistance or supervision 12.2 31.1 28.2 11.2 13.4 12.1 11.5 27.0 22.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.2
Did not do at all 1.0 14.6 12.5 2.6 5.5 3.9 2.1 12.5 9.4
GETTING IN/OUT OF BED
No difficulty w/o help 96.6 70.3 74.3 92.7 88.2 90.7 94.0 74.4 80.3
Received assistance or supervision 2.6 23.3 20.2 5.7 7.0 6.3 4.7 19.5 15.1
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Did not do at all 0.6 6.4 5.5 1.6 4.6 2.9 1.3 6.0 4.6
FEEDING SELF
No difficulty w/o help 88.9 66.8 70.1 91.6 86.9 89.5 90.7 71.5 77.2
Received assistance or supervision 10.4 21.8 20.1 6.5 10.7 8.4 7.8 19.2 15.8
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.4
Did not do at all 0.2 10.8 9.2 1.9 2.4 2.1 1.3 8.9 6.6
WALKING ACROSS ROOM
No difficulty w/o help 92.8 66.4 70.5 90.3 87.7 89.2 91.2 71.4 77.3
Received assistance or supervision 4.7 11.4 10.4 5.2 4.4 4.8 5.0 9.8 8.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 1.1 1.5 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.2
Did not do at all 1.3 20.7 17.7 3.6 7.1 5.2 2.9 17.5 13.2

Table 20. Activities of Daily Living of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
BATHING OR SHOWERING
No difficulty w/o help 50.1 62.3 48.1 30.5 21.1 26.4 39.1
Received assistance or supervision 49.9 37.6 51.9 69.5 78.9 73.6 60.9
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
DRESSING
No difficulty w/o help 55.2 68.4 55.3 40.9 27.3 25.9 45.6
Received assistance or supervision 44.6 31.5 44.7 59.0 72.7 74.1 54.3
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1
USING THE TOILET
No difficulty w/o help 80.8 90.0 75.0 59.4 50.6 57.8 68.1
Received assistance or supervision 16.7 7.6 17.3 26.4 35.0 27.8 22.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2
Did not do at all 2.3 2.0 7.7 14.1 14.3 14.3 9.4
GETTING IN/OUT OF BED
No difficulty w/o help 92.8 94.9 85.4 70.7 69.2 74.0 80.3
Received assistance or supervision 5.6 4.0 11.8 21.1 24.6 18.3 15.1
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Did not do at all 1.7 1.0 2.7 8.2 6.1 7.7 4.6
FEEDING SELF
No difficulty w/o help 88.5 92.4 83.8 69.2 64.6 69.0 77.2
Received assistance or supervision 9.8 6.3 11.3 20.0 24.6 19.3 15.8
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.8 0.4
Did not do at all 1.5 1.2 4.6 10.4 10.3 10.9 6.6
WALKING ACROSS RO OM            
No difficulty w/o help 89.1 92.8 82.2 68.6 65.7 70.3 77.3
Received assistance or supervision 6.0 4.3 6.9 10.1 11.5 10.7 8.4
Uses special equipment/no other assistance 0.8 1.0 1.4 1.1 1.9 0.0 1.2
Did not do at all 4.1 2.0 9.6 20.2 20.9 19.0 13.2

Table 21. Performance of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Operation

IADL FacilityOperation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
USING TELEPHONE
Independent 42.3 35.8 38.1 38.2 36.0 37.2 27.3 8.5 9.9 38.5 20.5 25.8
With help 27.4 26.8 27.0 37.9 29.6 34.3 31.5 17.6 18.6 33.4 22.1 25.5
Not at all 30.3 37.4 34.8 23.9 34.4 28.4 41.2 73.9 71.5 28.0 57.4 48.7
MANAGING MONEY
Independent 26.9 16.9 20.5 9.4 11.0 10.1 17.3 5.1 6.0 16.6 9.3 11.4
With help 33.5 30.5 31.6 52.4 32.1 43.6 29.7 13.7 14.8 43.2 21.3 27.8
Not at all 39.6 52.7 47.9 38.2 56.9 46.3 53.1 81.2 79.2 40.3 69.4 60.8
SHOPPING FOR PERSONAL ITEMS
Independent 31.3 18.8 23.3 18.2 23.1 20.3 24.6 6.0 7.4 23.6 12.3 15.6
With help 38.7 41.4 40.4 61.7 47.2 55.4 50.5 24.9 26.8 52.2 33.1 38.7
Not at all 30.1 39.9 36.3 20.1 29.7 24.3 24.9 69.1 65.9 24.2 54.6 45.6
USING OWN OR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
Independent 34.9 22.2 26.8 24.9 21.2 23.3 20.1 5.8 6.9 28.0 12.8 17.3
With help 40.9 42.3 41.6 50.0 48.1 54.8 69.9 38.4 40.7 54.1 41.1 44.9
Not at all 24.2 35.5 31.4 15.2 30.7 22.0 10.1 55.8 52.5 17.9 46.1 37.8

Table 22. Performance of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Certification Status

IADL ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
USING TELEPHONE
Independent 38.7 11.4 15.6 38.5 44.9 41.6 38.5 20.5 25.8
With help 32.6 21.7 23.4 33.8 23.1 28.6 33.5 22.1 25.5
Not at all 28.8 66.9 61.0 27.7 32.0 29.8 28.0 57.4 48.7
MANAGING MONEY
Independent 12.5 5.4 6.5 18.4 19.5 18.9 16.6 9.3 11.4
With help 46.6 18.3 22.7 41.6 29.3 35.6 43.2 21.3 27.8
Not at all 40.9 76.2 70.8 40.0 51.2 45.5 40.3 69.4 60.8
SHOPPING FOR PERSONAL ITEMS
Independent 20.3 6.6 8.7 25.1 27.8 26.4 23.6 12.3 15.6
With help 56.0 30.1 34.0 50.5 41.3 46.0 52.2 33.1 38.7
Not at all 23.7 63.4 57.3 24.4 30.9 27.6 24.2 54.6 45.6
USING OWN OR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
Independent 25.5 6.4 9.3 29.1 30.0 29.6 28.0 12.8 17.3
With help 57.7 39.9 42.7 52.5 44.2 48.5 54.1 41.1 44.9
Not at all 16.8 53.6 48.0 18.4 25.7 22.0 17.9 46.1 37.8

Table 23. Performance of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living by Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Size

IADL Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
USING TELEPHONE
Independent 34.3 41.6 40.8 17.3 9.5 6.6 25.8
With help 30.8 35.3 25.4 25.8 14.6 26.6 25.5
Not at all 34.9 23.1 33.8 57.0 75.9 66.9 48.7
MANAGING MONEY
Independent 12.3 19.6 17.7 6.6 5.3 5.2 11.4
With help 37.9 47.0 30.6 24.8 10.7 19.0 27.8
Not at all 49.8 33.4 51.8 68.6 83.9 75.8 60.8
SHOPPING FOR PERSONAL ITEMS
Independent 19.6 26.4 24.0 9.7 6.8 4.0 15.6
With help 53.4 51.4 48.2 34.7 20.5 26.1 38.7
Not at all 27.0 22.2 27.8 55.6 72.7 69.8 45.6
USING OWN OR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
Independent 22.1 32.2 26.3 10.4 5.9 3.3 17.3
With help 56.1 52.7 49.3 40.7 33.2 44.3 44.9
Not at all 21.8 15.1 24.4 48.9 60.9 52.4 37.8

Table 24. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Exhibiting Disturbing Behavior or Moods by Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. For "disturbing behavior" respondents were asked if the subjects "sometimes disturb [respondent] or others by ..." (Items in Table). For "moods" respondents were asked if the subjects were... .
DISTURBING BEHAVIOR
Gets upset/yells 50.9 46.0 47.8 48.1 51.0 49.4 52.4 54.5 54.3 49.6 51.6 51.0
Tries to hurt others physically 22.7 22.1 22.3 24.2 29.8 26.8 38.5 33.6 33.9 25.2 29.9 28.5
Tries to hurt self physically 17.5 15.6 16.3 19.6 20.8 20.2 24.4 28.4 28.1 19.4 23.6 22.4
Steals from others 12.6 16.5 15.1 16.6 11.8 14.3 15.8 17.2 17.0 15.0 16.0 15.7
Exposes self/has problem sexual behavior 12.0 10.6 11.1 10.9 9.3 10.2 17.8 14.5 14.7 12.1 12.5 12.4
Gets lost/wanders 14.2 11.1 12.2 11.5 15.6 13.4 13.5 16.8 16.5 12.7 15.1 14.4
Unable to avoid dangerous things/places 18.6 14.9 16.3 18.6 22.1 20.3 21.2 31.8 31.0 18.9 25.6 23.6
Cries for long period for no apparent reason 13.7 11.2 12.1 11.7 13.8 12.7 15.6 12.4 12.6 12.9 12.3 12.5
MOODS (excludes persons with profound mental retardation)
Frequently worried/ apprehensive 32.9 33.3 33.2 33.9 29.9 32.2 24.8 28.5 28.0 32.7 30.6 31.4
Frequently unresponsive/ withdrawn 21.4 16.5 18.4 14.6 15.0 14.7 17.7 24.3 23.4 17.5 19.2 18.5
Frequently impatient/annoyed 43.0 42.5 42.7 34.6 37.4 35.8 48.5 50.7 50.4 39.1 44.5 42.5
Frequently suspicious 23.6 28.3 26.4 16.5 11.2 14.2 17.1 20.4 20.0 19.3 20.9 20.3

Table 25. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Exhibiting Disturbing Behavior or Moods by Certification Status

  ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. For "disturbing behavior" respondents were asked if the subjects "sometimes disturb [respondent] or others by ..." (Items in Table). For "moods" respondents were asked if the subjects were... .
DISTURBING BEHAVIOR
Gets upset/yells 51.7 54.0 53.6 48.7 45.4 47.1 49.6 51.6 51.0
Tries to hurt others physically 26.5 32.7 31.7 24.7 22.5 23.6 25.2 29.9 28.5
Tries to hurt self physically 21.1 26.3 25.5 18.6 16.6 17.6 19.4 23.6 22.4
Steals from others 15.9 17.2 17.0 14.7 12.9 13.8 15.0 16.0 15.7
Exposes self/has problem sexual behavior 11.7 14.0 13.7 12.3 8.6 10.5 12.1 12.5 12.4
Gets lost/wanders 14.1 16.5 16.1 12.1 11.4 11.7 12.7 15.1 14.4
Unable to avoid dangerous things/places 21.9 29.4 28.3 17.6 15.5 16.6 18.9 25.6 23.6
Cries for long period for no apparent reason 12.5 13.7 13.6 13.0 8.7 10.9 12.9 12.3 12.5
MOODS (excludes persons with profound mentalretardation)
Frequently worried/apprehensive 32.4 29.6 30.3 32.8 31.9 32.3 32.7 30.6 31.4
Frequently unresponsive/withdrawn 15.5 20.2 19.1 18.3 17.7 18.0 17.5 19.2 18.5
Frequently impatient/annoyed 44.7 47.7 47.0 36.8 39.8 38.3 39.1 44.5 42.5
Frequently suspicious 16.2 20.1 19.2 20.6 22.1 21.3 19.3 20.9 20.3

Table 26. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Exhibiting Disturbing Behavior or Moods by Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. For "disturbing behavior" respondents were asked if the subjects "sometimes disturb [respondent] or others by ..." (Items in Table). For "moods" respondents were asked if the subjects were... .
DISTURBING BEHAVIOR
Gets upset/yells 50.1 49.3 48.6 50.9 53.6 56.4 51.0
Tries to hurt others physically 22.8 27.1 26.0 30.6 32.3 31.2 28.5
Tries to hurt self physically 21.5 17.7 17.6 23.1 29.1 25.3 22.4
Steals from others 13.3 16.4 13.9 16.5 16.2 20.2 15.7
Exposes self/has problem sexual behavior 14.1 10.6 8.0 13.6 12.7 22.7 12.4
Gets lost/wanders 13.5 12.2 11.5 15.1 18.1 16.0 14.4
Unable to avoid dangerous things/places 21.4 17.0 16.4 24.4 33.5 31.2 23.6
Cries for long period for no apparent reason 14.6 11.6 9.8 16.0 10.5 15.2 12.5
MOODS (excludes persons with profound mental retardation)
Frequently worried/ apprehensive 28.0 35.9 30.1 33.3 32.8 13.0 31.4
Frequently unresponsive/ withdrawn 22.1 14.2 16.7 19.2 25.4 14.9 18.5
Frequently impatient/annoyed 39.1 39.2 41.1 45.3 47.1 55.3 42.5
Frequently suspicious 18.0 20.2 20.5 23.8 19.8 14.0 20.3

Table 27. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities with Selected Medical Conditions/Ailments by Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Entries are percent of residents within each group who have selected medical conditions/ailments. Columns do not add up to 100% because some residents had more than one condition and some had none. "Circulatory conditions" includes present high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries or heart disease or past stroke or heart attack.
54 YEARS AND YOUNGER
Circulatory conditions 10.7 9.3 9.9 8.6 7.6 8.2 8.4 6.3 6.4 9.3 7.2 7.8
Arthritis or Rheumatism 1.7 2.0 1.8 2.4 3.1 2.7 3.3 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2
Diabetes 0.5 1.7 1.2 2.2 1.6 1.9 2.9 0.9 1.1 1.8 1.2 1.4
Cancer 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.4 0.8 0.6 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.4
Frequent constipation 12.4 17.7 15.5 8.5 13.1 10.6 21.6 31.7 30.9 11.2 25.1 20.9
Obesity 14.6 14.4 14.5 15.4 11.2 13.5 18.0 10.9 11.4 15.4 11.7 12.8
55 YEARS AND OLDER
Circulatory conditions 34.7 31.9 33.0 32.8 18.8 25.8 30.9 32.4 32.3 33.4 30.6 31.4
Arthritis or Rheumatism 31.4 10.5 19.2 31.5 31.6 31.6 14.5 20.6 30.2 25.3 18.0 20.0
Diabetes 2.4 12.6 8.3 2.2 3.8 3.0 13.2 5.5 6.2 4.2 7.2 6.3
Cancer 4.8 2.0 3.2 3.9 4.7 4.3 7.0 10.4 10.1 4.9 7.5 6.8
Frequent constipation 11.6 17.0 14.7 10.6 10.7 10.7 28.9 28.5 28.6 14.2 23.2 20.7
Obesity 16.7 17.0 16.9 3.1 30.2 16.6 20.2 14.7 15.2 12.7 17.3 16.0
All RESIDENTS
Circulatory conditions 15.1 13.2 14.0 10.5 8.6 9.6 12.4 9.9 10.1 12.2 10.3 10.9
Arthritis or Rheumatism 7.1 3.4 4.9 3.8 4.7 4.2 5.3 4.6 4.7 5.1 4.4 4.6
Diabetes 0.9 3.6 2.5 2.2 1.8 2.0 4.7 1.6 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.0
Cancer 1.6 0.5 1.0 0.6 1.1 0.9 1.2 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.2
Frequent constipation 12.2 17.6 15.4 8.7 12.9 10.6 22.9 31.3 30.6 11.5 24.8 20.9
Obesity 15.0 14.9 14.9 14.5 12.9 13.7 18.4 11.4 12.0 15.1 12.4 13.2

Table 28. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities with Selected Medical Conditions/Ailments by Facility Certification Status

  ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Entries are percent of residents within each group who have selected medical conditions/ailments. Columns do not add up to 100% because some residents had more than one condition and some had none. "Circulatory conditions" includes present high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries or heart disease or past stroke or heart attack.
54 YEARS AND YOUNGER
Circulatory conditions 8.5 6.9 7.1 9.7 8.0 8.9 9.3 7.2 7.8
Arthritis or Rheumatism 1.2 1.9 1.8 2.8 3.4 3.1 2.3 2.2 2.2
Diabetes 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.8 1.2 1.4
Cancer 0.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.4
Frequent constipation 11.5 29.4 26.6 11.0 10.7 10.9 11.2 25.1 20.9
Obesity 11.1 11.5 11.4 17.5 12.2 15.2 15.4 11.7 12.8
55 YEARS AND OLDER
Circulatory conditions 35.1 33.3 33.5 32.7 21.2 27.4 33.4 30.6 31.4
Arthritis or Rheumatism 28.3 19.5 20.7 23.9 12.8 18.8 25.3 18.0 20.0
Diabetes 4.9 6.8 6.5 3.8 8.5 6.0 4.2 7.2 6.3
Cancer 10.8 7.8 8.2 2.3 6.4 4.2 4.9 7.5 6.8
Frequent constipation 13.1 27.0 25.2 14.6 10.2 12.6 14.2 23.2 20.7
Obesity 6.7 18.0 16.5 15.4 14.9 15.2 12.7 17.3 16.0
All RESIDENTS
Circulatory conditions 11.5 10.5 10.7 12.6 9.8 11.3 12.2 10.3 10.9
Arthritis or Rheumatism 4.3 4.3 4.3 5.5 4.6 5.1 5.1 4.4 4.6
Diabetes 2.1 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.0
Cancer 1.9 1.2 1.3 0.6 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.2
Frequent constipation 11.7 29.1 26.4 11.5 10.6 11.1 11.5 24.8 20.9
Obesity 10.6 12.4 12.1 17.3 12.6 15.2 15.1 12.4 13.2

Table 29. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities with Selected Medical Conditions/Ailments by Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. Entries are percent of residents within each group who have selected medical conditions/ailments. Columns do not add up to 100% because some residents had more than one condition and some had none. "Circulatory conditions" includes present high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries or heart disease or past stroke or heart attack.
54 YEARS AND YOUNGER
Circulatory conditions 9.2 9.3 7.7 7.9 6.8 4.9 7.8
Arthritis or Rheumatism 2.7 1.9 2.9 2.2 2.2 0.9 2.2
Diabetes 1.0 2.3 2.0 1.1 0.8 1.2 1.4
Cancer 0.7 0.4 0.0 0.8 0.1 0.6 0.4
Frequent constipation 11.1 11.2 12.9 23.4 34.3 27.8 20.9
Obesity 17.6 13.7 12.5 10.5 13.0 8.5 12.8
55 YEARS AND OLDER
Circulatory conditions 41.0 28.8 23.8 27.1 36.7 41.6 31.4
Arthritis or Rheumatism 31.4 21.4 23.1 11.7 12.0 29.2 20.0
Diabetes 7.2 2.3 8.1 8.3 6.2 4.8 6.3
Cancer 6.5 3.9 5.1 6.5 11.3 7.5 6.8
Frequent constipation 21.3 9.9 20.2 21.3 27.2 26.4 20.7
Obesity 17.3 10.0 21.9 14.7 13.8 17.4 16.0
All RESIDENTS
Circulatory conditions 12.6 11.9 10.6 10.1 10.2 10.9 10.9
Arthritis or Rheumatism 5.8 4.6 6.5 3.2 3.3 5.5 4.6
Diabetes 1.7 2.3 3.1 1.9 1.4 1.8 2.0
Cancer 1.3 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.3 1.7 1.2
Frequent constipation 12.2 11.0 14.2 23.1 33.5 27.5 20.9
Obesity 17.5 13.2 14.2 11.0 13.1 10.0 13.2

Table 30. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Using Various Types of Special Equipment and Devices by Facility Operation

Equipment/ Devices Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
Corrective lenses 45.3 35.8 39.2 45.5 35.9 41.0 44.1 15.8 17.9 45.2 24.8 30.7
Hearing aid 5.5 2.6 3.7 6.6 3.0 4.9 8.5 2.3 2.7 6.4 2.5 3.6
Special underwear or diapers 8.0 14.9 12.4 4.1 11.3 7.5 12.0 23.9 23.0 6.5 19.2 15.5
Wheelchair 5.1 16.5 12.3 3.6 12.8 7.9 10.8 29.8 28.3 5.0 23.1 17.9
Walker, cane or crutches 5.7 5.1 5.3 2.9 6.4 4.5 2.6 4.1 4.0 3.9 4.8 4.5
Special dishes, cups, utensils 5.5 12.4 9.9 3.8 9.7 6.5 17.2 24.0 23.5 5.9 18.3 14.7
Mechanical devices for eating 0.1 0.9 0.6 0.0 1.5 0.7 0.0 1.7 1.6 0.1 1.5 1.1
Velcro fasteners or snaps 6.4 5.9 6.1 7.9 14.1 10.8 13.9 18.3 17.9 8.0 14.2 12.4
Symbol system/ communication board as primary means of communication 0.0 1.6 1.0 0.5 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 1.3 1.0
Shower seat or tub stool 0.0 1.6 1.0 0.5 1.0 0.7 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 1.3 1.0
Portable toilet 0.6 4.1 2.8 0.4 0.9 0.6 2.7 5.4 5.2 0.7 4.2 3.2
Urinary catheter 0.1 1.3 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.0 0.0 1.1 1.1 0.5 1.2 1.0
Colostomy bag 0.1 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Table 31. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Using Various Types of Special Equipment and Devices by ICF-MR Certification Status

Equipment/Devices ICF-MR Certification Status
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
Corrective lenses 42.1 20.3 23.5 46.7 36.4 41.6 45.2 24.8 30.7
Hearing aid 7.1 2.6 3.3 6.1 2.2 4.2 6.4 2.5 3.6
Special underwear or diapers 4.6 22.3 19.7 6.3 11.1 9.2 6.5 19.2 15.5
Wheelchair 3.3 28.1 24.5 5.8 10.0 7.9 5.0 23.1 17.9
Walker, cane or crutches 3.6 4.8 4.6 4.0 4.8 4.4 3.9 4.8 4.5
Special dishes, cups, utensils 7.7 22.4 20.2 5.1 7.5 6.3 5.9 18.3 14.7
Mechanical devices for eating 0.0 1.9 1.6 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1 1.5 1.1
Velcro fasteners or snaps 7.0 17.3 15.8 8.5 6.2 7.4 8.0 14.2 12.4
Symbol system/ communication board as primary means of communication 0.4 1.6 1.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 1.3 1.0
Shower seat or tub stool 5.4 21.2 18.8 7.2 9.7 8.4 6.6 18.0 14.7
Portable toilet 0.6 5.1 4.5 0.8 1.9 1.3 0.7 4.2 3.2
Urinary catheter 0.7 1.4 1.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.0
Colostomy bag 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Table 32. Percentage of Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities Using Various Types of Special Equipment and Devices by Facility Size

Equipment/Devices Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res. 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
Corrective lenses 40.7 48.8 39.0 24.5 14.8 14.4 30.7
Hearing aid 6.8 6.2 2.7 2.2 1.7 5.2 3.6
Special underwear or diapers 11.1 2.9 13.1 20.7 23.6 18.9 15.5
Wheelchair 7.3 3.3 12.5 26.6 30.1 22.5 17.9
Walker, cane or crutches 5.9 3.1 6.6 4.3 4.5 1.5 4.5
Special dishes, cups, utensils 6.4 5.5 10.9 18.0 25.5 18.4 14.7
Mechanical devices for eating 0.1 0.0 0.8 1.9 1.8 1.1 1.1
Velcro fasteners or snaps 8.1 8.0 7.0 16.5 15.7 24.9 12.4
Symbol system/ communication board as primary means of communication 0.5 0.4 0.9 1.8 0.9 2.2 1.0
Shower seat or tub stool 7.5 5.9 12.1 23.8 17.8 19.6 14.7
Portable toilet 0.9 0.7 2.5 4.9 5.1 4.9 3.2
Urinary catheter 0.5 0.5 1.0 1.2 1.0 2.2 1.0
Colostomy bag 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.3

Table 33. Employment Status of Adult Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Operation

  Facility Operation
Private for Profit Private NonProfit Public All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Table includes only residents age 18 or older. Total by "Type of Employment" may not equal total "Works for Pay" because of varying item response rates. A "-" denotes missing data.
WORK FOR PAY
In facility 0.9 3.2 2.3 7.2 20.4 13.0 2.3 20.4 19.0 4.4 15.8 12.5
Away from facility 40.1 25.6 30.9 67.2 28.0 50.0 46.9 5.0 8.0 55.2 14.4 26.3
Total 41.0 28.8 33.2 74.4 48.4 63.0 49.2 25.4 27.0 59.6 30.2 38.8
TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT
Sheltered employment 35.6 22.9 27.5 60.3 32.4 47.8 40.3 18.3 19.9 49.3 21.8 29.8
Supported/ transitional employment 2.8 1.0 1.6 4.4 4.6 4.6 8.4 2.5 3.0 4.3 2.5 3.0
Competitive employment 1.1 2.3 1.8 2.4 3.2 2.7 0.0 0.2 0.2 1.7 1.2 1.4
Other 1.7 2.9 2.4 7.7 8.3 8.1 0.6 4.4 4.2 4.8 4.9 4.8
Total 41.2 29.1 33.3 74.8 48.5 63.3 49.3 25.4 27.3 60.1 30.4 39.0
WORKS WITH NONHANDICAPPED PEOPLE 10.6 5.2 7.1 12.6 9.4 11.2 2.7 4.6 4.5 10.9 5.6 7.1
HOURLY WAGES BY TYPE
Sheltered employment 1.28 1.02 1.16 0.87 0.95 0.89 1.64 0.97 1.09 1.06 0.98 1.02
Supported/ transitional 2.16 3.17 2.55 2.29 2.65 2.42 1.94 1.65 1.70 2.21 2.09 2.15
Competitive employment 2.43 3.43 3.13 4.32 4.27 4.27 - 5.00 5.00 3.77 3.93 3.87
Other 1.86 0.81 1.08 1.86 1.81 1.81 - 0.71 0.71 1.86 1.12 1.35
Average hourly wage 1.37 1.19 1.33 1.17 1.26 1.26 1.69 1.02 1.13 1.29 1.21 1.25

Table 34. Employment Status of Adult Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by ICF-MR Certification Status

  ICF-MR CertificationStatus
ICF-MR Certified Not Certified All Facilities
15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total 15- res. 16+ res. Total
NOTES. Table includes only residents age 18 or older. Total by "Type of Employment" may not equal total "Works for Pay" because of varying item response rates.
WORK FOR PAY
In facility 8.0 17.2 15.8 2.7 12.1 7.3 4.4 15.8 12.5
Away from facility 52.6 9.7 16.3 56.5 26.8 41.8 55.2 14.4 26.3
Total 60.6 26.9 23.1 59.2 38.9 49.1 59.6 30.2 38.9
TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT
Sheltered employment 47.9 19.9 24.2 50.0 26.7 38.6 49.3 21.8 29.8
Supported/ transitional employment 5.8 2.1 2.6 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.3 2.5 3.0
Competitive employment 1.6 0.6 0.8 1.7 2.9 2.3 1.7 1.2 1.4
Other 5.5 4.5 4.7 4.4 5.8 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.8
Total 60.8 27.1 32.3 59.6 39.0 49.6 60.1 30.4 38.9
WORKS WITH NONHANDICAPPED PEOPLE 15.8 4.6 6.3 8.6 8.1 8.4 10.9 5.6 7.1
HOURLY WAGES BY TYPE
Sheltered employment 1.12 0.97 1.03 1.03 0.99 1.01 1.06 0.98 1.02
Supported/ transitional 1.96 1.70 1.80 2.46 2.84 2.63 2.21 2.09 2.15
Competitive employment 3.64 5.31 4.67 3.82 3.32 3.52 3.77 3.93 3.87
Other 2.45 0.53 0.90 1.53 2.30 1.94 1.86 1.12 1.35
Average hourly wage 1.62 1.05 1.16 1.23 1.53 1.34 1.29 1.21 1.25

Table 35. Employment Status of Adult Residents of Mental Retardation Facilities by Facility Size

  Number of Residents in Facility Total
1-6 res. 7-15 res . 16-75 res. 76-299 res. 300-799 res. 800+ res.
NOTES. Tables includes only residents age 18 or older. Total by type of employment may not equal total employed because of varying item response rates.>/small>
WORK FOR PAY
In facility 4.4 4.3 6.7 15.8 20.8 25.8 12.5
Away from facility 48.0 60.4 30.2 14.4 3.8 2.9 26.3
Total 52.4 64.7 36.9 30.2 24.6 28.7 38.8
TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT
Sheltered employment 44.8 52.5 27.1 21.1 19.6 15.2 29.8
Supported/ transitional employment 3.0 5.2 2.1 3.1 2.2 2.9 3.0
Competitive employment 1.7 1.6 2.5 1.3 0.3 0.6 1.4
Other 3.6 5.6 5.3 5.1 2.7 9.9 4.8
Total 53.1 64.9 37.0 30.6 24.8 28.6 39.0
WORKS WITH NONHANDICAPPED PEOPLE 6.3 14.1 6.2 6.4 3.4 8.7 7.1
HOURLY WAGES BY TYPE
Sheltered employment 1.19 0.99 1.18 0.84 0.78 0.99 1.02
Supported/ transitional 2.18 2.23 2.63 2.17 2.48 1.67 2.15
Competitive employment 2.89 4.39 3.27 5.43 3.00 5.00 3.87
Other 3.75 1.18 1.70 0.77 1.01 0.59 1.35
Average hourly wage 1.47 1.19 1.48 1.16 0.96 1.01 1.25

Table 36. Selected Characteristics and Service Use of Persons in Mental Retardation Facilities by Level of Mental Retardation

  Level of Mental Retardation
Borderline/ Mild Moderate Severe Profound Related Condition All Residents
ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING
% Bathes independently 79.5 58.5 33.6 6.5 47.7 38.5
% Dresses independently 85.0 68.3 44.5 9.2 58.3 45.0
% Uses toilet independently 94.0 88.9 76.6 32.2 78.1 66.5
SPECIAL EQUIPMENT/DEVICES
% Uses wheelchair 4.5 5.5 11.3 39.1 16.2 19.0
% Uses urinary catheter 1.0 0.4 0.8 1.3 0.0 0.9
% Uses symbol system/ communication board 0.5 0.5 1.5 1.6 3.6 1.1
SPECIAL CONDITIONS
% Epilepsy 15.5 21.5 26.7 43.2 67.0 29.9
% Cerebral palsy 5.6 6.4 9.3 19.5 25.6 11.9
% Autism 1.5 3.4 5.7 3.6 10.6 3.6
% Blind 0.8 1.4 2.5 9.5 0.0 4.4
% Deaf 1.4 1.2 1.8 2.0 3.2 1.7
% Circulatory system conditions 13.2 13.6 11.8 7.0 20.2 10.8
% Frequent constipation 10.1 11.7 15.5 36.3 16.1 21.3
PROBLEM BEHAVIOR
% Hurts others physically 24.7 30.6 40.6 27.9 22.9 30.3
% Hurts self physically 13.0 22.1 29.4 29.8 11.0 24.4

 

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