Performance Improvement 2013-2014. What Unique Challenges to Health and Well-Being Are Faced by Children Who Live With Neither Parent?


Research literature on children who live apart from their parents, and gaps in knowledge regarding this vulnerable population was summarized. Typical families consist of one or two parents, and a child, and any siblings. Parents' interactions with the child are a primary driver of the child's development. Yet nearly 3 million (4 percent) of American children live in homes with no parent present.

Children in non-parental care seem to be at risk of lower levels of well-being than other children. Many live with non-parental caregivers because their parents are potential dangers to them, are unavailable, or lack the necessary resources to care for them. Many children in non-parental care experience instability in their living arrangements, and many live with non-parental caregivers who have low incomes. Children in such households are a potentially vulnerable population. Relative caregivers tend to be older than other caregivers, and they frequently experience socio-economic disadvantages. Despite their potential challenges in providing care for children, these caregivers are frequently not eligible for the supports received by non-relative foster caregivers.

Report Title: Children in Nonparental Care: A Review of the Literature and Analysis of Data Gaps
Agency Sponsor: OASPE, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Laura Radel, 202-690-5938
Performer: Child Trends
Record ID: 9538.1 (September 3, 2013)

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"PerformanceImprovement2014.pdf" (pdf, 671.65Kb)

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