In the context of a public safety net focused on limiting dependency and encouraging participation in the labor market, policy makers and researchers are interested in individuals who face obstacles to finding and keeping jobs. The Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation project evaluated innovative strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who face serious barriers to employment.
Three of the eight models led to increases in employment. Two programs (providing temporary, subsidized “transitional” jobs to facilitate entry into the workforce for long-term welfare recipients and one for ex-prisoners) produced short-term gains in employment, driven mainly by the transitional jobs themselves. The third—a welfare-to-work program that provided unpaid work experience, job placement, and education services to recipients with health conditions—had longer-term gains, increasing employment and reducing the amount of cash assistance received over four years.
Report Title: What Strategies Work for the Hard-To-Employ? Final Results of the Hard-To-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project and Selected Sites From the Employment Retention and Advancement Project, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/welfare_employ/enhanced_hardto/reports/strategies_work.pdf
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Girley Wright, 202-401-5070
Record ID: 9890 (April 30, 2012)