The purpose of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund Research Synthesis Project was to inform research planning and support evidence-based decision making related to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund programs. This study drew on a large body of evidence from rigorous studies of welfare-related initiatives to identify strategies found effective in increasing employment and earnings among welfare recipients.
The research showed a clear role for skills enhancement in welfare programs that encourage or mandate certain activities. It also suggested balancing a focus on job seeking and work with goal-directed education and training. The studies have suggested promising programmatic tools, regardless of a program's emphasis: financial incentives to increase job retention and earnings as well as participation in and completion of education and training, experienced job placement intermediaries that can help welfare recipients find and move into better jobs, and high-quality sectoral training with strong employer ties for those who can qualify.
Report Title: Improving Employment and Earnings for TANF Recipients, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/improving_employment.pdf
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Emily Schmitt, 202-401-5786
Performer: Urban Institute
Record ID: 9877 (March 10, 2012)