The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families – Supplemental Security Income (TANF-SSI) Disability Transition Project is an effort to explore the relationship between the two programs. Both these safety net programs serve low-income populations, including many people with disabilities. Yet they are administered by different agencies, involve different definitions of disability, and have different attitudes toward work. This project examined the overlap between the two programs.
The project found that the overlap between the TANF and SSI populations is not large. In the research sample, less than 10 percent of TANF recipients had an open SSI application, and just 6 percent of adults applying for SSI received TANF benefits within a year of the application. Additionally, most TANF recipients who apply for SSI do so long before nearing their federal benefit time limit. Finally, the report found that after accounting for differences in basic eligibility characteristics between the two groups (differences driven by TANF eligibility rules), TANF recipients who applied for SSI were slightly less likely to be found disabled, especially at the initial level, than other SSI applicants.
Report Title: The Intersection of Welfare and Disability: Early Findings From the TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/resource/the-intersection-of-welfare-and-disability-early-findings-from-the-tanf-ssi
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Matthew Borus, 202-401-5739
Record ID: 10070 (June 18, 2013)