Transitional jobs programs provide temporary, wage-paying jobs, support services, and job placement help to individuals who have difficulty getting and holding jobs in the regular labor market. Although some evaluation results raised doubts about whether these programs, as currently designed, are an effective way to improve participants' long-term employment prospects, the studies have also confirmed that the programs can be operated at scale, can create useful work opportunities for very disadvantaged people, and can lead to critical indirect impacts such as reducing recidivism among former prisoners.
This study reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of the transitional jobs model and other subsidized employment models, and offered some suggestions regarding the next steps for program design and research. Suggestions included making small adjustments to already existing programs to improve long-term employment results; implementing financial incentives for hard –to-employ individuals to find and keep regular jobs after transitioned out of subsidized jobs; providing more opportunities for occupational skills training; testing the potential of models that place participants directly into jobs in the regular labor market; and thinking about how transitional jobs fit into a larger sequence of employment services
Report Title: Transitional Jobs: Background, Program Models, and Evaluation Evidence, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/welfare_employ/enhanced_hardto/reports/background_models/tj_09_paper_embed.pdf
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Girley Wright, 202-401-5070
Record ID: 9851 (February 13, 2012)