Performance Improvement 2013-2014. How Many Residential Care Facilities Exist and What Capacity Do They Have?


This study provides national estimates of residential care facilities (RCFs) from the first nationally representative survey of residential care facilities with four or more beds. RCFs include assisted living facilities and personal care homes which provide housing and supportive services to persons who cannot live independently but generally do not require the skilled level of care provided by nursing homes. These facilities are not federally regulated, and state approaches to such regulation vary widely. The ability to provide a comprehensive picture of the long-term care industry has been hampered by the lack of data.

In 2010, residential care facilities (RCFs) totaled 31,100, with 971,900 beds nationwide. About one-half of RCFs were small facilities with just 4-10 beds. The remainder comprised medium facilities with 11-25 beds (16 percent), large facilities with 26-100 beds (28 percent), and extra-large facilities with more than 100 beds (7 percent). The majority of residents resided in large (52 percent) or extra-large (29 percent) facilities. About 4 in 10 RCFs had one or more residents who had some or all of their long-term care services paid by Medicaid.

Report Title: Residential Care Facilities: A Key Sector in the Spectrum of Long-Term Care Providers in the United States,
Agency Sponsor: National Center for Health Statistics and OASPE, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Emily Rosenoff, 202-690-6443
Performer: National Center for Health Statistics
Record ID: 10058 (December 1, 2011)

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"PerformanceImprovement2014.pdf" (pdf, 671.65Kb)

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