The purpose of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund Research Synthesis Project was to inform research planning and support evidence-based decision making related to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund programs. This study sought to determine how the welfare caseload had changed since the program was enacted and explored factors that contributed to the change.
While the demographic characteristics of adults receiving benefits have been similar over time, the caseload has shifted. The percentage of “child-only” cases rose to about 50 percent; the percentage of single-parent and two-parent cases fell; ; the national caseload declined by 55 percent; and the take-up rate (the percentage of eligible families receiving assistance) declined continuously, dropping to a low of 36 percent in 2007. “Nonassistance” expenditures such as emergency payments, child care, transportation and other support services accounted for 70 percent of welfare funding fund in 2009, but recipients of these supports were not counted in the caseload.
Report Title: How Has the TANF Caseload Changed Over Time? http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/change_time.pdf
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Emily Schmitt, 202-401-5786
Performer: Urban Institute
Record ID: 9880 (March 13, 2012)