Performance Improvement 2013-2014. How Do Child-Only Cases Arise in the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program?


This study reviewed the limited evidence available on how child-only cases arise, their number and characteristics, children's well-being, available services, and implications for policy and research. Almost half of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) cases consists of child-only cases, which arise when no adult is included in the benefit calculation.

Fifty-nine percent of child-only TANF units included ineligible parents; children living with non-parental caregivers make up 41 percent. The intersection between TANF and child welfare policies is critical since evidence suggests that from one-third to one-half of children in non-parental child-only units have had some contact with child protective services. The subgroups of parental child-only TANF cases were distinct and point to the need for tailored solutions. The evidence, while limited, suggests that these children are at risk yet their families receive few services.

Report Title: TANF Child-Only Cases,
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Emily Schmitt, 202-401-5786
Performer: The Urban Institute
Record ID: 9848 (February 13, 2012)

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"PerformanceImprovement2014.pdf" (pdf, 671.65Kb)

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