The purpose of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund Research Synthesis Project was to inform research planning and support evidence-based decision making related to the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and Child Care and Development Fund programs. This study identified the populations with barriers to employment, explained the relationship between barriers and employment, examined some State approaches to these barriers, and identified some strategies that help program recipients with employment barriers succeed in work.
Most Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients had at least one barrier to work and many have multiple barriers. The likelihood of work declined as the number of barriers increased. States employed specialized strategies, which included various approaches to assessment, work opportunities, and enhanced supports, to help Temporary Assistance for Needy Families recipients with barriers to employment. Both employment-focused and treatment-focused strategies can have positive short-term effects, but even the most effective strategies left a large proportion of participants without work.
Report Title: TANF Recipients With Barriers to Employment, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/barries_employ.pdf
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Emily Schmitt, 202-401-5786
Performer: The Urban Institute
Record ID: 9686 (October 15, 2011)