Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Has the Community Cancer Centers Program Improved Cancer Care at Participating Hospitals?

01/01/2014

The National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Centers Program was launched as a three-year pilot program designed to help build a community-based research platform supporting basic, clinical, and population-based research on cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, survivorship, and palliative care at community hospitals. Sixteen community hospitals participated in the pilot. A study assessed how participation in the program had changed the quality of cancer care – using five measures associated with breast and colon cancer treatment – provided at hospitals over time and in comparison to a similar group of hospitals that did not participate in the program.

Only a small number of hospital and market characteristics (more registry staff, history of performing more quality studies, larger cancer patient population, and hospital location in metro or small metro/suburban counties) were consistently associated with greater quality of care among program hospitals. Other hospital and market characteristics were likely associated with only one or a subset of quality measures, and might show opposite associations with different measures. Given that the five measures reflect different processes of care, different treatment modalities, and interactions with different types of clinicians, it was reasonable for only a few factors to be consistently associated with improvements for all five.

Report Title: Network for Translational Research Program Evaluation Feasibility Study - Final Report

Agency Sponsor: NIH, National Institutes of Health
Federal Contact: Rosanna Ng, 301-496-5367
Performer: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC
Record ID: 9825 (March 31, 2012)

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