Performance Improvement 2013-2014. Does Jail-Based Sexually Transmitted Disease Screening Impact the Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Diseases in the Community?

01/01/2014

Researchers used a mathematical model to explore the decrease in community chlamydia prevalence attributable to jail screening in a large community and a small community. Previous observational studies have suggested that jail-based sexually transmitted disease (STD) screening may have been influential in the observed decrease in STD prevalence in the communities they serve.

Chlamydia prevalence decreased by 13 percent in the large community analysis. Chlamydia prevalence decreased by 54 percent in smaller communities with higher rates of chlamydia infection and incarceration. Jail-based chlamydia screen-and-treat programs have the potential to reduce chlamydia prevalence in communities with high incarceration rates. However, the magnitude of this potential decrease is subject to considerable uncertainty.

Report Title: Evaluating the Impact of Jail-Based Chlamydia Screening On Community Prevalence
Agency Sponsor: CDC, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Federal Contact: Thomas Chapel, 404-639-2116
Performer: DSTDP/HSREB
Record ID: 9589 (December 31, 2012)

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