Researchers designed and conducted a process and outcome cross-site evaluation of the Grant Program to Expand Substance Abuse Treatment in Adult Drug Courts. The program grants were intended to expand or enhance substance abuse treatment services in problem-solving courts which use the treatment drug court model in order to provide alcohol and drug treatment, recovery support services supporting substance abuse treatment, screening, assessment, case management, and program coordination to adult defendants/offenders.
Drug court clients for whom six month post-discharge GPRA data are available report several positive outcomes including an 89% decrease in arrest rates and 84% decrease in illicit drug use. Improvements in employment, housing, and education also demonstrated positive outcomes for this sample. Drug court clients are most likely in need of services in addition to substance abuse treatment such as job training, housing, and transportation to treatment, among others. Five distinct components of the drug court structures and procedures that the clients and staff felt were most prominent and important in contributing to client success in recovery were the judge's role and practices; the relationship between the judge and the drug court team; drug court team practices; urine screening practices; and treatment practices. Sanctions and rewards issued by the judge only had a minor impact on the outcomes of the drug court clients.
Report Title: Program Evaluation for Adult Treatment Drug Courts
Agency Sponsor: SAMHSA, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Federal Contact: Deepa Avula, 240-276-2961
Performer: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Record ID: 8879 (Report issued September 1, 2011)