Researchers identified the background characteristics, employment and earnings patterns, and patterns of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and food stamp receipt for adult members of two-parent families in the Employment Retention and Advancement (ERA) project. Not much is known about the low-income two-parent population's need for employment retention and advancement services or about their responses to offered services. This population has particular policy relevance in that two-parent TANF cases include more family members and receive higher average monthly grants than do single-parent recipients. These families therefore require higher income (from employment of one or both parents) to achieve self-sufficiency.
In the ERA sample, retention and advancement was as important an issue for low-income two-parent family members as for single parents. Men and women in two-parent families were equally likely to work during the follow-up period, but men earned more, on average. Adults in low-income single-parent and two-parent families have a roughly equivalent need for services to support employment retention and advancement. This need does not differ substantially between men and women in two-parent families.
Report Title: Background Characteristics and Patterns of Employment, Earnings, and Public Assistance Receipt of Adults in Two-Parent Families
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Michael Dubinsky, 202-401-3442
Record ID: 9818 (Report completed November 15, 2010)