An analysis was conducted, using data from the National Survey of Adoptive Parents and a comparison group drawn from the National Survey of Children's Health. The study examined data on adopted children and all U.S. children on selected indicators of school performance and family relationship quality. Because the population of adopted children is not homogenous and varies considerably on many dimensions by adoption type, estimates of school performance and relationship quality for adopted children by adoption type were also prepared. Adjusted estimates that controlled for demographic and socioeconomic differences among adoption types were examined to evaluate whether differences in school performance and relationship quality by adoption type were explained by demographic and socioeconomic differences between adoption types.
Adopted children were less likely than children in the general population to excel in reading or math, but the quality of their family relationships was similar. However, children adopted from foster care did show lower relationship quality than other adopted children. This lower quality of family relationships and also seemed to account for much of the difference in school performance. Researchers concluded that differences in school performance and relationship quality among groups from different types of adoption were largely explained by demographic and socioeconomic differences among the groups.
Report Title: National Survey of Adoptive Parents: Benchmark Estimates of School Performance and Family Relationship Quality for Adopted Children (Research Brief) http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/09/NSAP/Brief3/rb.shtml
Agency Sponsor: OASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy
Federal Contact: Laura Radel, 202-690-5938
Performer: National Center for Health Statistics, (NCHS), CDC
Record ID: 9199.1 (Report issued July 15, 2011)