The National Cancer Institute Community Cancer Center Program (NCCCP) was launched as a three-year pilot program designed to help build a community-based research platform to support basic, clinical, and population-based research on cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, survivorship, and palliative care at community hospitals. Evaluators assessed whether participation in the program changed the quality of cancer care provided over time and in comparison to similar hospitals that did not participate. Five quality of care measures associated with breast and colon cancer treatment were examined in the evaluation.
A small number of hospital and market characteristics—more registry staff, history of performing more quality studies, larger cancer patient population, and hospital location in metro or small metro/suburban counties—were consistently associated with greater quality of care among NCCCP hospitals. Other hospital and market characteristics were likely associated with only one or a subset of quality measures, and might show opposite associations with different measures. NCI concluded that it was reasonable for only a few factors to be consistently associated with improvements for all five quality measures.
Report Title: Comparative Health Outcomes Analysis for the NCCCP Evaluation: Final Report