Performance Improvement 2010. Provide Native Americans Welfare


A study sought to understand how characteristics of American Indians receiving assistance through tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs differ from American Indians receiving assistance through state TANF programs.  The study found that similar to non-American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) caseloads, the caseloads for AI/AN families in state and tribal programs have declined since the early 1990s.  TANF participation has increased among AI/AN populations coinciding with the introduction of tribal TANF programs.  Differences exist with regard to the proportion of child-only cases, average grant amounts, average number of recipients per family, and work participation when comparing non-AI/ANs in state programs and AI/ANs in state and tribal programs.  AI/ANs in state and tribal programs are more likely to live in areas with greater travel times to urban areas, suggesting greater difficulty in accessing employment and health and human services. (9216

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