This analysis reviewed the literature on the risks and assets that affect boys ages 10 through 18. It pinpointed what strengths make some boys likely to succeed and what risks, or challenges, increased the likelihood that they would struggle. A major goal of the project was to provide information about approaches that helped boys stay on the right track, ranging from formal programs to environmental interventions.
The review found that boys were doing better than they had done a decade or more previously across a variety of indicators, including juvenile justice involvement, dropout rates, and substance use. However, boys were still facing challenges in many areas. Recently, boys committed fewer property crimes than they had in the 1980s, but in 2004, almost three-quarters of young people prosecuted in juvenile courts were boys. Since 1995, boys’ dropout rates had fallen, but boys still represented more than half (56 percent) of school dropouts for ages 16 to 24. Recently, boys’ smoking rates were lower than in the mid to late 1990s, and their drinking rates had declined. However, about 1 in every 6 eighth grade boys surveyed in 2006 had drunk alcohol in the previous month, and nearly 40 percent of the twelfth grade boys had used illegal drugs during the previous year.
Report Title: What Challenges are Boys Facing, and What Opportunities Exist to Address Those Challenges? http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/08/boys/
Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy
Federal Contact: Sarah Potter, 202-260-0382
Performer: JBS International
PIC ID: 9008