Performance Improvement 2009. How Does Involvement of Nonresident Fathers Affect What Happens to Their Children in Foster Care?


This analysis followed-up a previous study, What About the Dads. The original study examined child welfare agencies' efforts to identify, locate, and involve nonresident fathers of children in foster care. This study explored whether variation in (1) child welfare agencies’ contact with nonresident fathers and (2) fathers’ support and visitation improved outcomes for children in foster care.

Nonresident fathers’ involvement with their children was associated with a higher likelihood of reunification and a lower likelihood of adoption. Children whose nonresident fathers were highly involved were discharged from foster care more quickly than those with less or no involvement. The study found that nonresident fathers’ contact with the child welfare agency and involvement with their children was not associated with subsequent maltreatment allegations. Among children whose case outcome was reunification, usually with their mothers, higher levels of nonresident father involvement were associated with a substantially lower likelihood of subsequent maltreatment allegations.

Report Title: More about the Dads: Exploring Associations between Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Welfare Case Outcomes
Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy
Federal Contact: Laura Radel, 202-690-5938
Performer: Urban Institute
PIC ID: 8361.1

View full report


"PerformanceImprovement2009.pdf" (pdf, 1.26Mb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®