Performance Improvement 2009. How Can We Improve Employment and Other Outcomes for Low-Income Parents and Others Who Face Serious Barriers to Employment?


The Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ project is evaluating four diverse strategies designed to improve employment and other outcomes for low-income parents and others who face serious barriers to employment. The evaluation utilizes an experimental, random assignment design and includes three main parts: an implementation study, an impact study, and a financial benefit and costs study.

  • Rhode Island Working Toward Wellness Project aims to improve employment outcomes through simultaneously providing employment services and an intensive telephonic care management program for single parents who are Rhode Island Medicaid recipients with serious depression.
  • Kansas/Missouri Two-Generation Early Head Start Evaluation program provides enhanced employment services to TANF recipients who are Early Head Start participants. It aims to improve the economic circumstances of parents and the well-being of their children.
  • Test of Alternative Employment Strategies for TANF Recipients in Philadelphia involves two alternative employment strategies for long-term welfare recipients in Philadelphia, one emphasizing upfront assessment and pre-employment services to remove barriers to employment, and the other based on paid transitional employment.
  • Success Through Employment Preparation program includes extensive participant assessments, design of a plan to address the participant's barriers, and counseling with behavioral health specialists, as well as ongoing case management meetings.
  • Transitional Work Corporation administers the transitional employment program in which participants receive intensive job-readiness activities, a transitional job, professional development activities, permanent, unsubsidized jobs and job retention services, including financial bonuses for retaining employment.
  • Center for Employment Opportunities Evaluation, New York City, is a comprehensive transitional employment program for ex-prisoners in which participants complete a job readiness class, are placed in paid jobs, paid minimum wage, meet with job coaches to identify permanent jobs, and participate in a fatherhood and family relationships program.

Report Title: Four Strategies to Overcome Barriers to Employment: An Introduction to the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project
Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Girley Wright, 202-401-5070
Performer: MDRC
PIC ID: 8833

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"PerformanceImprovement2009.pdf" (pdf, 1.26Mb)

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