Performance Improvement 2008. How Many and Who Receives What Kind of Energy Assistance under the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program?


Program staff analyzed service and expenditure data for the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). The block grant program assists low income households, particularly those with the lowest incomes that pay a high proportion of household income for home energy, primarily in meeting their immediate home energy needs. LIHEAP assistance was provided in FY 2004 through block grants to the 50 States, the District of Columbia, Indian Tribes and Tribal Organizations, and U.S. Insular Areas.

Five million low income households received help with heating costs in FY 2004 compared to 4.8 million the previous year. These households represented 14 percent of all households with incomes under the Federal LIHEAP income eligibility cutoff. Households that received heating assistance were among the poorer households (median household poverty level of 80 percent) within the LIHEAP income eligible population (median household poverty level of 124 percent).

About 32 percent of the eligible households receiving heating assistance had at least one member 60 years or older, compared to 40 percent in the previous year. Similarly about 32 percent of eligible households receiving heating assistance included at least one member with a disability, compared to 34 percent the previous year. About 22 percent of households included at least one child 5 years or younger, compared to 19 percent of all eligible low income households that had at least one child 5 years or younger the previous year. Households receiving cooling assistance had the highest concentration of elderly members (35 percent) and the highest concentration of disabled members (40 percent) compared to other types of LIHEAP assistance. Households receiving winter/year-round crisis assistance had the highest concentration of young children (30 percent).

Report Title: LIHEAP Report to Congress for Fiscal Year 2004. Report May Be Obtained from Federal Contact
Agency Sponsor:
ACF-OCS, Office of Community Services
Federal Contact: Leon Litow, 202-401-5304
Office of Community Services, ACF
PIC ID: 8578

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