This study assessed the impact of child maltreatment and intimate partner violence activities. Child maltreatment and intimate partner violence are significant public health problems in the United States, resulting in an array of detrimental consequences for individuals, families, and society. In light of the dire need for valid surveillance data, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention funded State-based surveillance activities in nine States and assessed the impact of the funded activities. Public health surveillance is the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data regarding a health-related event for use in public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality and to improve health.
The most common data sources for intimate partner violence surveillance were surveys. The next most common data sources were emergency room reports, police reports, court data, medical records and death certificates. Other data sources included media reports, social service data on adult protective service cases, and data collected with rape kits.
States demonstrated impacts at both prevention and system levels. Some States´ surveillance systems likely will become permanent after Federal funding ends. Some State surveillance efforts will discontinue at the end of Federal funding. Respondents for these States noted that a lack of organizational support and various leadership changes prevented stability of system resources. These two factors were mentioned by most States as important determinants of surveillance system impacts and sustainability.
States demonstrated impacts at both prevention and system levels. There was an increased awareness of issues by both public and government and support for law enforcement and prevention policy changes. Some State surveillance systems were likely to become permanent after Federal funding ends. Respondents for States likely to discontinue surveillance noted that a lack of organizational support and leadership changes would prevent stable system resources. These factors were mentioned by respondents from most States as important determinants of surveillance system impacts and sustainability.
Report Title: Evaluating the Impact of ESB Surveillance Activities for the Division of Violence Prevention http://aspe.hhs.gov/pic/fullreports/07/8749.pdf
Agency Sponsor: CDC, Centers for Disease Control
Federal Contact: Cindi Melanson, 404-638-4854
Performer: RTI International
PIC ID: 8749