This study examined interim results for the Minnesota Employment Retention and Advancement Tier 2 program, which built on the State's Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Tier 1 program which served welfare recipients who had not found jobs through standard welfare-to-work services. The program sought to test whether providing enhanced services to a hard-to-employ population would result in increased employment and retention. In addition to those services provided in the Tier 1 program, Tier 2 provided: (1) smaller caseloads for program staff to facilitate more attention to the unique circumstances of individuals and their families; (2) a more in-depth assessment of new cases, covering a wide range of issues facing clients and their families; and (3) a greater emphasis on assigning and referring individuals to a broader range of services, including supported employment positions and more specialized services, such as those available from programs that help people with mental health or substance-related problems. The evaluation used a random assignment design to assess the effectiveness of the Tier 2 program compared to the Tier 1 program.
The program had little effect on employment or earnings over the one and a half years of follow-up. An early increase in employment did not persist. The Tier 2 program led to a modest increase in employment for those with recent work experience, although the effects faded after the first year. The Tier 2 program had no added effect on public assistance receipt over the follow-up period as a whole. Many families left welfare on their own over time.
Report Title: The Employment Retention and Advancement Project: Results from Minnesota's Tier 2 Program, http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/welfare_employ/employ_retention/reports/minnesota_tier2/mn_tier2_title.htmlAgency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Federal Contact: Timothy Baker, 202-260-6165
PIC ID: 8518