Performance Improvement 2007. What Were the Trends in Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities in the United States from 1994 to 2004?



This study examined data from clients admitted to substance abuse treatment between 1994 and 2004, as reported to the Treatment Episode Data Set. The data include demographic and substance abuse characteristics of the 1.9 million annual admissions to treatment for abuse of alcohol and drugs. This system is based on treatment admissions. An individual who is admitted multiple times in a year would be counted once for each admission.

Five substances accounted for 95 percent of the 1,875,026 treatment admissions in 2004. Alcohol was the primary substance of abuse for 40 percent of admissions. Opiates (primarily heroin) accounted for 18 percent of admissions. Marijuana (16 percent) and cocaine (14 percent) were the next most frequent substances of abuse. Stimulants (primarily methamphetamine) made up another 8 percent of admissions. The alcohol admission rate declined by 28 percent between 1994 and 2004, from 430 to 308 per 100,000 population aged 12 and older. The methamphetamine/amphetamine admission rate increased 182 percent, from 22 to 62 per 100,000 population aged 12 and older. Adolescent (age 12-17) treatment admissions increased 43 percent. The increase in adolescent admissions was largely due to an increase in the number of adolescent admissions for marijuana use (115 percent increase). The proportion of adolescent admissions for marijuana increased from 43 percent of all adolescent admissions in 1994 to 64 percent in 2004.

Report Title: Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS) 1994-2004 - National Admissions to Substance Abuse Treatment Services
Agency Sponsor: SAMHSA, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Federal Contact: Trunzo, Deborah, 240-276-1267
Performer: Synectics for Management Decisions, Inc.; Arlington, VA
PIC ID: 8304

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