PIC ID: 8227; Agency Sponsor: ACF-OPRE, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation; Federal Contact: Webb, Mary Bruce, 202-205-8628; Performer: RTI, International, Research Triangle Park, NC
Performance Improvement 2006. Report on Baseline Findings from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being: CPS Sample Component
The National Survey on Child and Adolescent Well-Being is a nationally representative, prospective longitudinal survey that examines the functioning and well-being of children and families who come into contact with the child welfare system. For the Child Protective Services (CPS) component, CPS selected 5501 children, ages 0-14, from among those who were the subjects of investigation for child maltreatment during the sampling period, which began in December 1999 and continued through early 2001. Direct assessments and interviews with the children themselves, their caregivers, their caseworkers, and their teachers were used to gather information about the children’s functioning across multiple domains, their family environments, their service needs, and service utilization. Baseline findings suggest that children who encounter CPS, regardless of whether the reports of maltreatment are substantiated, have high rates of developmental risks across cognitive, social, emotional, and behavioral domains. High rates of risk are found across age groups, and are present for children who remain at home with their families of origin as well as for children who are placed in foster or kinship care. The survey finds that many of the assessed needs of the children and families who encounter child welfare services remain unaddressed. More systematic assessment of the needs of this group of children and families by child welfare personnel, and coordination across child service systems, is recommended.