Performance Improvement 2005. Targeted Help for the Hard-to-employ: Outcomes of Two Philadelphia Welfare-to-work Programs


This report, one in a series produced under the National Evaluation of the DOL Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program, examines two programs that were central components of the overall WtW grant program strategy in Philadelphia: the Regional Service Centers (RSCs) and the Transitional Work Corporation (TWC). These programs differed in their approaches to serving the hard to employ and in their target populations. The RSCs offered 30 days of basic job search assistance services to the broad WtW-eligible population, while TWC provided paid work experience for up to six months and targeted WtW-eligible people who had little or no work experience. The main objective of this study was to examine and compare the employment, earnings, and TANF receipt outcomes of participants in these two WtW programs. Findings show that both groups of participants had increases in employment and earnings, and declines in TANF receipt. However, consistent with the targeting and sequencing of the programs, RSC participants had better outcomes overall than TWC participants.

PIC ID: 8119; Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy; Federal Contact: Landey,Alana, 202-401-6636; Performer: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, NJ

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