This report provides information about risk and protective factors for substance use among youths aged 12 to 17, using data from the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Risk factors included characteristics and social environments associated with an increased likelihood of substance abuse, while protective factors relate to a more decreased likelihood - or nonuse. Addressing both risk and protective factors for substance use prevention programs is believed to be an important determinant of program success. The classification approach used in this report categorizes the sets of risk and protective factors into one of four domains: community, family, peer/individual, and school. These items were designed for and asked only of the 12 to 17 year-olds in the sample and focused on current or past year perceptions or behavior. Findings were grouped by prevention domain where possible. The interviewing methodology for this study also marked the first survey year in which the national sample was interviewed via computer-assisted interviewing. Some of the aspects of the risk and protective factors included: 1) Distribution of both types of factors among youths; 2) Associations between individual risk and protective factors and youth substance use; and 3) relative predictive power of different categories of risk and protective factors in predicting youth substance use.
PIC ID: 8061; Agency Sponsor: SAMHSA, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; Federal Contact: Wright, Douglas, 240-276-1259; Performer: RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC