Performance Improvement 2005. The National Evaluation of the Welfare-to-work Grants Program: Final Report


This is the final report produced under the National Evaluation of the DOL Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program. The WtW grants program was a large federally funded effort to help the most disadvantaged welfare recipients leave the rolls and become employed. As part of the Balanced Budget Act (BBA) of 1997, Congress provided $3 billion for WtW programs, eventually distributed to over 700 state and local grantees through competitive and formula grants. The intent of the grants program,  administered at the national level by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), was to supplement the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grants to states. This report is the final in a series from HHS’ congressionally mandated evaluation of the WtW program. Findings are summarized from earlier evaluation reports, and new findings are presented on enrollees’ outcomes two years after entry into WtW programs in 11 study sites (Baltimore County, MD; Ft. Worth, TX; Philadelphia, PA; 29 counties in West Virginia; Boston, MA; Milwaukee, WI; Phoenix, AZ; Yakima, WA; Chicago, IL; Nashville, TN; and St. Lucie County, FL). Major findings include: 1) Study sites focused, as intended, on employment rather than education or training, but many went beyond job readiness/job search assistance. 2) The average study site cost $3,607 per enrollee, about the same as typical JOBS programs created under the earlier Family Support Act. 3) Mostenrollees found jobs, but their employment was unstable. Employment fell b etween the first and second years after program entry. 4) Enrollees employed after two years worked a lot of hours for low wages and limited fringe benefits. 5) Poverty was common among WtW enrollees two years after program entry, but it was lower among those who were employed.

PIC ID: 8120; Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy; Federal Contact: Landey, Alana, 202-401-6636; Performer: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Princeton, NJ

View full report


"pi_2005.pdf" (pdf, 750.85Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®