This study examined states’ experiences related to the goal of reducing nonmarital births, and the factors that helped shape state policies since the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996. The study provides detailed information about the experiences of a diverse sample of nine states gathered through a series of phone interviews and follow-up calls with representatives from TANF, health and other relevant agencies in these states. The PRWORA replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) entitlement program with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant program. In addition to moving people to self-sufficiency by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage, a major goal of TANF is reducing out-of-wedlock pregnancies. Early discussions of TANF reauthorization in 2002 included a focus of whether TANF was meeting the goals set out in PRWORA, particularly the goals related to family formation. This study determined that: (1) A majority of states have taken advantage of most welfare provisions intended to reduce nonmarital births. (2) State TANF expenditures for pregnancy prevention and two-parent family formation activities have been modest. (3) States generally emphasize programs for teens (rather than adults). (4) Funding for nonmarital birth prevention activities has increased. (5) States face difficulties serving some populations.
PIC ID: 7757
Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy
Federal Contact: Kaye, Kelleen, 202-401-6634
Performer: The Lewin Group, Fairfax, VA and The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD