Performance Improvement 2004. Neighborhoods and Health: Building Evidence for Local Policy


This study focused on the development, analysis and use of neighborhood health indicators pertaining to children and youth. Data was provided by five data intermediary organizations (located in large cities) that participated in the Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP). In the first component of the project, each site compiled and analyzed new neighborhood-level health indicators and used the data to further local health improvement initiatives. In the second component, researchers examined relationships across sites between neighborhood conditions and key health indicators (e.g., teen birthrates; rates of early prenatal care, low-birth-weight births, infant mortality and age-adjusted mortality), and examined changes in these relationships over the past decade. Geospacial analysis and mapping techniques are used. Cross-site study findings indicated that although gaps seem to have diminished in the past decade, health problems of high-poverty neighborhoods remain substantially more serious than those of non-poor neighborhoods in all cities for which there was data. Thus, the findings confirm that neighborhoods do make a difference for health outcomes and health policy.

PIC ID: 7954
Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OHSP, Office of Human Services Policy
Federal Contact: Halpern, Peggy, 202-260-0285
Performer: Urban Institute, Washington, DC

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