Performance Improvement 2004. Evidence-Based Review of Batterer Intervention and Prevention Programs: Final Report

01/01/2004

The purpose of this study is to find what is known about, and to make recommendations on efficacious and effective batterer prevention and intervention programs. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health issue that disproportionately affects women. IPV is defined as threatened or actual use of physical force (including sexual assault) against an intimate partner that either results in, or has the potential to result in, injury, harm, or death. In the United States, an estimated 1.5 million women a year are physically assaulted by their partner. Unfortunately, very little is known about the effectiveness of various types of intervention and prevention strategies. Much recent attention has been focused on intervention and prevention programs targeted at perpetrators. Early efforts to prevent intimate partner violence focused primarily on the protection of female victims. Relatively little attention was paid to programs that sought to change the behavior of perpetrators. This project utilizes the methodology developed for the “Guide to Community Preventative Services: Systematic Reviews and Evidence-Based Recommendations.” The guide’s methods were chosen for this study to increase the objectivity of the reviews as the goal was to obtain the best available empirical evidence to support decision making. A total of 31 studies were reviewed for this report, 20 focusing on Batterer Intervention Programs (BIP) and 11 focusing on Dating Violence Prevention Programs (DVPP). It was found that: (1) DVPPs attempt to conduct primary intervention by intervening before abusive behavior begins, whereas BIPs intervene with adult men who have already committed abuse. (2) Although both BIPs and DVPPs focus on preventing partner abuse, the literature is quite separate and studies fairly dissimilar.

PIC ID: 7998
Agency Sponsor: CDC-NCIPC, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
Federal Contact: Williams, Melinda, 770-488-4647
Performer: RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC

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