Performance Improvement 2004. The Effectiveness of DHHS Interventions on Violence, Injuries, Physical Activity, and Nutrition: Results from the Literature


The study reviewed and summarized evaluation findings. The evaluation reports selected for review were those from DHHS-supported interventions that directly promoted primary prevention of injury and disease, and interventions that directly promoted improvements in nutrition and physical activity. The goal of the Planning Assessment Initiative was to test whether systematic reviews of the scientific literature, guided by logic models, could help the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) assess the impact of its programs, direct resources efficiently, and improve the health of Americans. During the first year of the Planning Assessment Initiative, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) reviewed DHHS-supported interventions in two strategic areas: (1) prevention of violence and unintentional injury, and (2) improvement in diet and physical activity level. Both these areas are critical to the health of Americans, and both correspond to important objectives and strategies in DHHS’s Strategic Plan. The study identified 32 DHHS-supported interventions to reduce violence and unintentional injury. Of these 32 interventions: the literature contained strong evidence that 13 reduced violence and injuries; strong evidence that two were ineffective; seven showed promise, but the evidence to support their effectiveness is limited; little or conflicting information with respect to the effectiveness of six interventions. The study identified 20 interventions intended to promote better nutrition or increased physical activity: the literature contained good evidence that four of the interventions, such as school-based interventions with multiple components, were effective; six interventions showed promise, but the evidence to support their effectiveness is limited.

PIC ID: 7797
Agency Sponsor: ASPE-OPPS, Office of Planning and Policy Support
Federal Contact: ChannahSorah, Vijaya, 202-260-3815
Performer: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Plainsboro, NJ

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