Evaluation Synthesis: Tobacco Control Programs in Communities of Color
This study assessed the extent to which Communities of Color were being targeted and summarized the key findings for Communities of Color. The study was conducted utilizing published scientific literature, state reports, and tobacco control Web sites for eight state case studies. The eight states included in this evaluation were: Arizona, California, Florida, Massachusetts, Maryland, Mississippi, Washington, and Texas. These states were selected based on their demonstrated success in reducing rates of initiation of smoking, increasing smoking cessation, or reducing environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). They also had a presence of large numbers of minority populations or multiple, small segments of racially and ethnically diverse communities. Also, these states allotted funds for tobacco prevention and control. The key findings indicated that: (1) all eight states had adopted the goal of prevention and have or will soon have cessation as a goal, (2) published evaluations of interventions pertaining to Communities of Color were few and focus on adolescents, (3) outcome evaluations of interventions pertinent to Communities of Color were difficult to find, (4) a published evaluation supports the importance of mass media campaigns in combination with other interventions in preventing the initiation of tobacco use in Communities of Color, (5) the published literature supported the effectiveness of community education in Communities of Color for smoking cessation and reduction of ETS and was suggestive of an effect in decreasing smoking initiation, and (6) one study provided evidence that legislation prohibiting sales to minors was effective in all ethnic neighborhoods.
FEDERAL CONTACT: Vijaya ChannahSorah, 202-260-3815
PIC ID: 7815
PERFORMER: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC