Performance Improvement 2003. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control


Evaluation of the PICARD Software - Final Evaluation Report

The goal of this evaluation was to determine the usefulness, user friendliness, and feasibility of using Preventable Injuries, Costs, and Related Deaths (PICARD) software to generate state data on preventable injury and associated costs by states. It was also used to determine if the use of PICARD contributed to the formation of new bicycle helmet promotion programs, policies, or laws, and if National Center for Injury Prevention and Control should develop additional PICARD modules for other priority injury prevention topics. The vendor piloted tests in five states that were previously funded for bicycle helmet programs and evaluated the first module of the PICARD software focusing on bicycle helmet-preventable head injuries. The state environment for injury prevention, which provided the context for the introduction of PICARD into a state, included the network of stakeholders in injury prevention, bicycle safety programs and legislation, and data resources. All site visit states had numerous bicycle safety programs at the state and local level. These programs involved bicycle helmet promotion, skills building, law enforcement and awareness, infrastructure improvements, and driver awareness of bicyclists. It was concluded that the current version of the PICARD software was a user-friendly, useful tool that might have broader application to other preventable injuries. Further development of PICARD could provide public health professionals with a tool for estimating the incidence and direct and indirect costs of many types of preventable injuries. When these estimates are presented to legislators and other policy and decision-makers in injury prevention, they can facilitate design and implementation of intervention to reduce the occurrence of preventable injuries.

FEDERAL CONTACT: Nancy Cheal, 404-639-7222 PIC ID: 7743

PERFORMER: Battelle Corporation, Arlington, VA


Links Among Different Forms of Adolescent Violence

The purpose of this review was to lay the groundwork to better understand the prevalence, correlations, and consequences of different types of aggressive behaviors (physical, sexual, verbal, and coercive), delineate the association between dating violence and other forms of peer violence, and synthesize how patterns of aggressive behavior vary by sex, development stage, and other individual-level factors. An examination of the literature regarding violence among adolescents reveals problems with obtaining reliable estimates of the prevalence of different forms of violence. Family of origin, peer group, and other affiliations associated with prior victimization play an integral role in the perpetration of violence. The research found that child maltreatment, lack of parental supervision, victimization by peers, perceived social support among peers, and witnessing peer violence was predictive of and/or correlated with perpetration of date and other forms of violence.

FEDERAL CONTACT: Joyce McCurdy 770-488-4266 PIC ID: 7698

PERFORMER: Battelle Memorial Institute, MD, VA


The Role of Power and Control in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration

The purpose of this project was to design a comprehensive research study concerning the role of power and control in the perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV). The project produced a literature review synthesis and instrument review to measure factors predisposing men to IPV and a research protocol for a case-control study. The purpose of the study was to increase understanding of psychological and sociological factors that are potentially modifiable causes of IPV. These included substance abuse, poor impulse control, depression, patriarchal attitudes toward women, victim blaming, and socioeconomic status. Three dimensions of IPV were considered: theories linking IPV to power and control; risk and protective factors that mediate IPV by men; and research on programs that address power and control with perpetrators of IPV. The literature review and instrument review deliverables were designed to inform development of a research protocol for a case-control study. New insights gained from the proposed case-control study provided a valuable opportunity to enhance understanding of factors that contributed to IPV perpetration and were amenable to early intervention.

FEDERAL CONTACT: Nancy Cheal 404-639-7222 PIC ID: 7697

PERFORMER: Battelle Memorial Institute, MD, VA

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