Performance Improvement 2003. An Intervention for Welfare Recipients with Substance Abuse Problems


This evaluation assessed the effectiveness of two contrasting interventions being implemented in New Jersey to treat substance abuse and related problems in welfare recipients. The two interventions are “care coordination” (a limited triage and referral system) and “intensive case management” in which more extensive services are provided to encourage entry and retention in substance abuse treatment. The evaluation used a random assignment design and outcomes were assessed related to employment and earnings, substance use, and related family issues (such as involvement with child protective services). A significant finding of this survey was that the Intensive Case Management did not increase rates of engagement in work and training activities, at least during the first months of the program.

Rates of employment and training for substance abusers in both groups were significantly lower than those of non-substance abusers. These findings indicate that intensive case management interventions are more effective in increasing rates of abstinence from substances than triage and referral, although it seems to have no immediate effect on engagement in work and training.

FEDERAL CONTACT: K.A. Jagannathan, 202-205-4829 PIC ID: 7528

PERFORMER: Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 1 Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY

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