The Vermont Welfare Restructuring Project (WRP) was initiated in 1994 and continued through 2001. Requirements of the program included a 30-month time limit on cash assistance before work in a wage- paying job was required. Small financial incentives were also offered to encourage work. An evaluation was conducted of applicants and recipients of welfare by assigning them randomly to the WRP or to the Aid to Needy Families with Children groups which operated under the prior welfare rules. A third group received the financial incentives but was not subject to the work requirement.
The WRP program appeared to increase employment, save taxpayer money, had little effect on income, and did not require creation of community service positions.