The study included analyses of administrative data and surveys of time limit families conducted about 6 and 18 months after their TANF cases closed. In 1995, as part of its welfare reforms, Virginia instituted a 24-month time limit on benefits under the Virginia Initiative for Employment not Welfare (VIEW). This is the third of four planned reports from the study. It presents 18 months of follow-up data on families whose TANF cases closed because of the time limit in early 1998 (cohort 1) and in early 1999 (cohort 2). This report updated findings from the previous report on 18 months of follow-up data for cohort 1 with a larger sample that is more representative of the state. Key findings included: (1) In the 18 months after their cases closed, nearly all time limit parents held jobs, and most had jobs for more than half of the follow-up period. (2) Time limit parents’ average incomes increased 9 percent between the 6- and 18- month interviews. (3) Families decreased their use of non-cash assistance over time (food stamps, Medicaid). (4) At the 18-month interview, 82 percent of time limit parents had health insurance coverage for their children, but just 41 percent had coverage for themselves. (5) Time limit families in both cohorts were long-term welfare recipients.
FEDERAL CONTACT: Karl Koerper 202-401-4535 PIC ID: 7901
PERFORMER: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Plainsboro, NJ