The North Carolina Work First Program's third quarterly report analyzing administrative data examined patterns of welfare participation, employment, earnings, and other key outcomes among families who enter and leave the Work First program, and persons who receive Diversion Assistance. The findings show that families in the AFDC entry cohort were more likely to be still on assistance 36 months after going on welfare compared to families in the Work First entry cohort. Data suggest that the Work First program has had far less impact on child only cases than on other cases. For all entry cohorts, the length of stay on welfare was longer for persons without a work history, persons without a work history and a high school diploma, families that were younger, African American, and living in large cities. Fewer families in the Work First, compared to the AFDC, exit cohorts returned to cash assistance in the follow up study period. No major differences were found between the exit cohorts in employment rates, which seemed to be more influenced by seasonal factors. All cohorts showed evidence of earning progression after leaving welfare, controlling for seasonal variations.
AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
FEDERAL CONTACT: Girley Wright, 202-401-5070
PIC ID: 6829.3
PERFORMER: NC Deptartment of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, NC