The evaluation of the North Carolina Work First program includes a report on results of the second round of follow-up surveys in late 1999 on the status of families who left the programs in August 1998 as a result of reaching the 24-month time limit. The first round of surveys were conducted between December 1998 and March 1999. Between the first and second survey rounds, the employment changes experienced by leaving families showed that: employment was slightly higher; the rates of job turnover were not significant; almost half of respondents said they received a raise between interviews (however, the earning progress ion may be unique to the sample and all welfare leavers). As for employer health insurance, participation increased for respondents, but largely because they became eligible to participate in plans because of increased time on the job and increased work hours. The two reasons given by respondents who were unemployed at the second round were: (1) could not find a job or get one after applying and; (2) disability or illness. There was an increase in the number of respondents who said they had experienced adverse events since leaving, with ability to buy food as the one mentioned most often. No significant differences were found for access to health care, child care, and housing, nor differences in children's school performance. Employed respondents with higher incomes thought they were better off without welfare, but the pattern was inconsistent at the lower income levels.
AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
FEDERAL CONTACT: Girley Wright, 202-401-5070
PIC ID: 6829.2
PERFORMER: NC Deptartment of Health and Human Services, Raleigh, NC