Evaluation of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) as a Source for National Estimates of Selected Health Risk Behaviors

This study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of computing national estimates using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) data. Specifically, the objectives were to: Develop a method for combing BRFSS state estimates to produce national risk factor prevalence estimates; Compare national BRFSS estimates computed using the new method with prevalence estimates from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS); and Investigate time trends in national BRFSS national estimates. Twenty (20) key health risk factors from the BRFSS were used for this analysis, which occurred over a three year period. Only a few statistically significant temporal changes were identified in the 20 health risk factors examined. The analysis, however, indicates that national estimates based on BRFSS data are sufficiently precise to identify relatively modest year-to-year changes in risk factor prevalence. BRFSS is, therefore, very useful for annual national surveillance of behavioral risk factors, and is a useful adjunct to less-frequently conducted but more comprehensive surveys such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES).

AGENCY SPONSOR: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

FEDERAL CONTACT: Powell-Griner, Eve E.
770-488-2524

PIC ID: 7039

PERFORMER: Battelle Corporation
Arlington, VA

Evaluation of the C. Everett Koop Community Health Information Center (CHIC)

Community health centers have the potential to facilitate the dissemination of the effective and accurate health communication products produced by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and its partners. Because of this potential, CDC's National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP) became interested in understanding the effectiveness of community health information centers in meeting the health information needs of the general public. One such case is the C.Everett Koop Community Health Information Center (CHIC) created by the College of Physicians of Philadelphia in 1995. CDC contracted with Macro International to evaluate the effectiveness of the CHIC products and services; the use of the products and services and the effectiveness of outreach with a variety of agencies and community- based groups. A Patron Survey was developed and completed by a total of 267 individuals. Results indicated the CHIC must: do more to increase its visibility within the community by developing relationships with referral agents such as the media, physicians, or other libraries; continue to acquire and develop pamphlets for patrons to take with them; provide more pamphlets in languages other than English to serve the needs of local Philadelphia residents; consider operating on extended hours or on the weekends; and continue to be a free library offering research access to patrons.

AGENCY SPONSOR: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

FEDERAL CONTACT: Fralish, Christine
770-488-5050

PIC ID: 6709

PERFORMER: Macro International, Inc.
Atlanta, GA

Evaluation of the Policies, Practices and Implementation of HIV Education Programs in Schools

This study evaluated the progress and activities conducted by the 71 HIV education programs funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Division of Adolescent and School Health (DASH). The programs were funded through cooperative agreements with State and local education agencies. Data elements were obtained from reading the program file documents and were abstracted for each funded year of the five-year period, 1987-1992, for each program. A database was composed from these elements that will allow CDC to answer specific evaluation questions regarding the development of programs and the extent to which the CDC policies and guidelines were followed during the funding period.

AGENCY SPONSOR: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

FEDERAL CONTACT: Hunt, Pete
770-488-5343

PIC ID: 6070

PERFORMER: Macro International, Inc.
Atlanta, GA