Performance Improvement 2000. Maternal and Child Health

01/01/2000

Dental Caries in Preschool Children

This project will determine the existence of a Baby Bottle Tooth Decay (BBTD) pattern among preschool children clusters in families. It will also determine if dental nutrition education to families with one child with BBTD pattern caries will reduce the rate in subsequent children. Project data will be used to determine the utility of providing family-directed dental and nutrition education can reduce BBTD clusters in families.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Public Health

FEDERAL CONTACT: Fowler, Elizabeth A.
301-443-3024

PIC ID: 5531

PERFORMER: Indian Health Service
Rockville MD

EXPECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 12/20/1999

Evaluating the Impact of Primary Intervention Techniques on the Dental Caries Rate in Children Living in Southwest Alaska Native Villages

This project will attempt to identify the reason why some communities in Bristol Bay have significantly higher/lower caries rates in children than do other children in other Bristol Bay communities. Children ages six to eight have been selected for the project, and the results of the project will be used to identify the factors that create high-risk communities. A community model will be developed for use in allocating specific resources to address the oral health needs of the villages. The primary activities will continue to be directed towards continuing intervention, which includes dental advocate services, tooth brushing, topical flouride and chemotherapy programs, distribution of children's books, and use of the medical model for dental treatment for one to eight year olds and their mothers.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Public Health

FEDERAL CONTACT: Fowler, Elizabeth A.
301-443-3024

PIC ID: 7138

PERFORMER: Indian Health Service
Rockville MD

EXPECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 09/30/2000

Impact of Breast-feeding Education Program on Rates in the Early Postpartum Period and on Duration of Breast-feeding Year 2

The purpose of this project is to study the effect of a specific, planned, consistent breast-feeding education program on rates of breast-feeding initiation, and on duration of breast-feeding in the patient population. The study population includes all live births at the Claremore Indian hospital for one year from the onset of the study. The control will be a historical control, and will consist of all live births in the year prior to the onset of the study, inclusive of March 1, 1997 to April 30, 1998. During this period there were 640 live births. The goal of the study will be to reach the Healthy People 2000 goal of having 75 percent of mothers initiating breast-feeding, and keeping 50 percent breast-feeding for five to six months.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Public Health

FEDERAL CONTACT: Fowler, Elizabeth A.
301-443-3024

PIC ID: 7141

PERFORMER: Indian Health Service
Rockville MD

EXPECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 09/30/2000