Performance Improvement 2000. Injury/Violence Prevention


An Evaluation of the Feasability of an Injury Risk Factor Surveillance System

Injuries are a major cause of premature death and disability, with associated economic costs in 1985 of over $150 billion. Although health objectives for the Year 2000 call for reducing this toll, adequate surveillance systems have yet to be developed that can monitor the country's progress on many of the Year 2000 injury objectives. This study addressed the question as to whether a telephone survey is a feasible means of accomplishing this. The evaluation objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a national telephone survey as: (1) a surveillance system for injury risk factors, (2) a means through which to monitor progress towards Year 2000 injury objectives, and (3) a tool for evaluating injury control programs.

AGENCY SPONSOR: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

FEDERAL CONTACT: Sacks, Jeffrey, M.D.

PIC ID: 4522

PERFORMER: Battelle Corporation
Arlington, VA

Empirical Testing of Early Warning Signs and Protective Factors in Intimate Partner Violence Prevention

The purpose of this project is to analyze the focus group findings of "Identification of Early Warning Signs and Protective Factors in Intimate Violence Prevention," and to test empirically these findings by conducting an Early Warning Signs and Protective Factors random digit dial national survey. The survey will gather data from approximately 1,800 women using an interview protocol which was developed and pilot tested in conjunction with that study. This instrument has also been refined by experts and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) program staff. The protocol is a product of 24 focus groups conducted in five geographic regions of the country with women who had experienced various levels of violence in their intimate relationships. Participants included: (1) rural African American women, (2) urban African American women, (3) rural Caucasian women, and (4) urban Caucasian women. All women recruited for the focus groups had ended intimate violence in their lives either by leaving a relationship or through particular strategies to stop the abuse within the relationship. The purposes of the original study were to: (1) identify early warning signs for physical violence perpetrated by an intimate partner, (2) identify strategies women use to remove themselves from the violence, (3) examine individual risk or protective factors which affect escalation or cessation of violence in abusive relationships, (4) examine the differences in behavioral risk and protective factors for groups of women, (5) uncover factors that influence women's abilities to identify early warning signs, and (6) explore whether certain desistance strategies used by women are inevitably successful. The survey extends the scope of the focus group results and seeks to empirically test the initial findings by enlarging and randomizing the sample.

AGENCY SPONSOR: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control


PIC ID: 6341

PERFORMER: Macro International, Inc.
Silver Spring, MD