Performance Improvement 2000. Health Professions

01/01/2000

Employment Sites of Nursing Graduates Supported by the Professional Nurse Traineeship Program

Professional Nurse Traineeship (PNT) grants are awarded to eligible institutions for the support of students in advanced nursing education. Traineeships are then awarded by the institutions to individuals enrolled in masters and doctoral programs to prepare for practice as advanced practice nurses. These funds are distributed to institutions based on a formula that incorporates three statutory funding factors. The factor to be studied is the statutory general funding preference which is given to institutions that demonstrate either: (1) a high rate of placing graduates in medically underserved communities (MUCs), or (2) a significant increase in the rate of placing graduates in such settings. Comparisons of employment sites of graduates in school receiving the preference with those of graduates in schools not receiving the preference will indicate the significance of a funding preference in promoting program objectives of increasing access to care in underserved communities. The data collected through this survey will help to formulate programmatic and policy recommendations designed to strengthen and increase the effectiveness of the PNT program.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Bureau of Health Professions

FEDERAL CONTACT: Johnson, Ayah, Ph.D.
301-443-6315

PIC ID: 7130

PERFORMER: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Washington, DC

EXPECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 04/28/2000

Nurse Staffing and Quality of Care in Hospitals

The purpose of this study is to identify patient outcome measures that are sensitive to variations in nurse staffing in acute care hospital settings. Changes in the health care system have raised questions about the quality of patient care. Recent reviews by the Institute of Medicine recommended research on the relationship between quality of inpatient care and level and mix of nurse staffing. Also, the Health Care Financing Administration has drafted proposed Conditions of Participation for Hospitals that must be met if hospitals are to participate in Medicare/Medicaid programs. This study will address these concerns in Phase I by identifying and assessing current studies/methods that are focused on patient outcomes that are sensitive to nurse staffing. Existing and pending data bases useful for conducting research on the sensitivity of patient outcomes to variations in nurse staffing will be identified as will alternative study designs that can provide nationally generalizable information. Phase II will involve acquiring data bases and conducting both descriptive and multivariate analysis of the relationship between nurse staffing and patient outcomes.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Bureau of Primary Health Care

FEDERAL CONTACT: Moses, Evelyn
301-443-6315

PIC ID: 6864

PERFORMER: Harvard University, Holyoke Center
Cambridge MA

EXPECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 08/31/2000