Sustaining Employment Among Low-Income Parents

This project developed optional research designs to identify and address the effects of child care costs on the employment of low-income parents, and the ways in which child care subsidy policies support employment by making child care more affordable and expanding child care choices. The major work in this contract consisted of a series of three stand-alone working papers and a final report that provide background for developing a research agenda that would inform the design of child care policy oriented toward families leaving welfare for work and toward low-income working families in general. The final report summarizes what we know about the cost of child care and its relationship to the employment and child care choices of low-income parents and proposes an agenda for future research. Two companion papers review research on the links between employment and the quality of child care and the issue of flexibility in family situations, jobs, and child care as it relates to the ability of parents to find a job and remain employed. The final report recommends a repeat of the Profile of Child Care Settings (PCCS) and the National Child Care Survey (NCCS) studies which would support further research on the effects of regulations and subsidy policies on the supply of child care. The studies should include subsamples of low-income parents, a sample of unregulated, home-based providers in at least a subset of sites, and an observational assessment of the quality of a subset of child care providers that could offer a nationally-representative measure of the quality of child care in the U.S.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation

FEDERAL CONTACT: Jakopic, Richard

PIC ID: 6846

PERFORMER: Urban Institute/Mathematica Policy Research
Washington, DC