Performance Improvement 1999. Welfare Reform


TITLE: Creating New Hope: Implementation of a Program to Reduce Poverty and Reform Welfare

ABSTRACT: This report is the first in a series of reports on the New Hope Project, an assistance program in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, that enables poor people to support themselves and their families through full-time employment. The program also offers participants affordable health insurance and child care that is flexible according to individual circumstances. The benefits are phased out as individuals' earnings increase. This report was the result of a random assignment research design that recruited a diverse sample population over a 16-month period beginning in 1994. Eligibility for the New Hope program was contingent on full-time employment. Therefore, information on levels of benefit use provides preliminary information about the number of individuals in the program group who were employed. For the program group for which 12 months of post-random assignment follow-up is available, the report finds that three-quarters of New Hope participants received at least one New Hope benefit at some point during the follow-up. Of these benefits, earnings supplements were used by the majority of the program participants, followed by health insurance, community service jobs, and child care assistance. This report: (1) analyzes the issues that the New Hope staff confronted in designing and implementing program procedures and in recruiting individuals from the target neighborhoods to participate in the program; (2) presents information illustrating that they were successful in recruiting the intended mixture of working and non-working applicants, individuals receiving and not receiving public assistance, and adults with and without children; and (3) presents findings on the extent to which individuals participated in New Hope and used the program benefits. The report concludes that when data is available from planned follow-up surveys that there will be a more complete picture of the impact of the New Hope program. (Final report 192 pages.)

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation

FEDERAL CONTACT: Richard Jakopic

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-5930

PIC ID: 5982

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: The New Hope Project, Inc., Milwaukee, WI

TITLE: Employment Experiences of Welfare Recipients Who Find Jobs: Is Targeting Possible?

ABSTRACT: This project presents the motivation for and results from an analysis of the employment experiences of welfare recipients who find jobs using data from the 1979 to 1994 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY). The analysis sample included single mothers with children who, at some point during the panel period, started a job either while receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) or within three months after ending AFDC. The analysis describes five aspects of welfare recipients who find jobs: (1) characteristics and how they compare with those of other similar groups of individuals; (2) the duration of employment, and the duration of nonemployment for those who exit welfare; (3) overall experiences during the two and five year periods after the start of first employment; and (4) the extent to which wages and earnings grow over the five-year period following initial employment.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation


PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5984

PIC ID: 6756

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. Plainsboro, NJ