Performance Improvement 1999. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

02/01/1999

SUBSTANCE ABUSE TREATMENT

TITLE: Services Research Outcomes Study

ABSTRACT: Federally supported drug abuse treatment services are offered in hospital inpatient, residential, outpatient methadone, and outpatient nonmethadone settings. This evaluation is the first broad nationally representative study of substance abuse treatment outcomes and is representative of the almost a million individual discharges from treatment in 1990. Major findings include the following: (1) the overall drop in the use of any illicit drug use following treatment was 21 percent; a 14 percent decline in alcohol use; 28 percent in marijuana use; 45 percent in cocaine use; 17 percent in crack use; and a 14 percent drop in heroin use; (2) the decrease in post-treatment substance abuse was larger among females than males; (3) adolescents were the exception, showing a 13 percent increase in alcohol abuse and a 202 percent increase in crack use following treatment; and (4) those remaining in treatment the longest were more likely to reduce or eliminate abuse of substances following treatment. The study confirms that both drug use and criminal behavior are reduced following drug abuse treatment.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Applied Studies, Office of the Administrator

FEDERAL CONTACT: Barbara Ray, Ph.D.

PHONE NUMBER: 301-443-0747

PIC ID: 7036

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: National Opinion Research Center (NORC), Chicago IL
 

SUBSTANCE ABUSE PREVENTION

TITLE: Outcome Evaluation for the Community Partnership Program

ABSTRACT: Between 1990 and 1996, SAMHSA funded a Community Partnership Program to provide community based substance abuse prevention and health promotion activities. This large-scale evaluation sought to determine the effectiveness of this program by studying outcome in 48 communities-24 partnerships and 24 demographically matched comparison communities without partnerships. The study found that: 1) prevalence rates for the use of illegal drugs and alcohol were lower in partnership communities than in the comparison group; and 2) partnerships helped to promote change in the overall community environment, not just prevention . The study also identified characteristics of effective community partnerships.

FEDERAL CONTACT: Shakeh Kaftarian

PHONE NUMBER: 301-443-9136

PIC ID: 4997

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Cosmos Corporation, Bethesda MD