Performance Improvement 1999. Food Safety and Nutrition

02/01/1999

TITLE: Economic Cost Benefit Studies: Analysis of Changing Food Labels to Include Information on Trans Fatty Acids

ABSTRACT: On February 14, 1994, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received a citizen petition from the Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI), requesting that the FDA amend the definition of saturated fatty acids to include trans fatty acids. The CSPI also requested that certain fat and cholesterol claims be based on the combined level of saturated and trans-fatty acids. The FDA is currently preparing to respond to this petition through rulemaking. When considering rulemaking, the FDA is required to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, when regulation is necessary, to select the regulatory approach that maximizes net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity.) A rule is classified as significant if it meets any one of a number of specified conditions, including having an annual effect on the economy of at least $100 million, or adversely affecting in a material way a sector of the economy, competition or jobs, or if it raises novel legal or policy issues. In addition, the FDA is required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act to determine the impact of its rules on small entities. To fulfill its requirements, the FDA needs certain information. This study will analyze the impact of changing food labels in order to provide information on trans-fatty acids. (See also 6865, 6865.1)

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Management

FEDERAL CONTACT: Ed Arnold

PHONE NUMBER: 301-827-7161

PIC ID: 6865.2

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 11/2/98
 

TITLE: Harmonizing Nutritional Goals and Food Processing

ABSTRACT: This study will generate information that can be used to assess the costs and benefits of regulatory alternatives with respect to providing information on trans-fatty acids in food. The following will be available as a result of this initiative: (1) identification of products containing trans-fatty acids; (2) characterization of the firms that produce these products; (3) estimation of the industry response to the proposed regulatory changes; and (4) estimation of the consumer response to improved access to information on trans-fatty acids in food. A consumer study will also be conducted as part of this effort, to determine whether consumers would prefer particular elements of the standards to be retained, modified, or eliminated.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Clark Nardinelli

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-8702

PIC ID: 6864

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA Washington, D.C.

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 1/31/99
 

TITLE: Survey of Current Hazard Assessment Quality Control Points (HACCP) Practices of the Food Industry

ABSTRACT: This project consists of a two-part survey that will: (1) yield information for the purposes of estimating the HACCP-related practices of the food industry (except seafood, meat and poultry), and (2) estimate the marginal costs to firms for compliance with HACCP.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Clark Nardinelli

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-8702

PIC ID: 6866

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA Washington, D.C.

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 1/31/99
 

TITLE: Economic Cost Benefit Studies: Economic Characterization of the Dietary Supplement Industry

ABSTRACT: This study will provide information on the nature, size and scope of the dietary supplement industry, thereby enabling the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to determine the effects of regulations issued under the authority established by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA).

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Clark Nardinelli

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-8702

PIC ID: 6865.1

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, Washington, D.C.

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 2/20/99
 

TITLE: Economic Cost Benefit Studies: Consumer Attitudes Toward Potential Changes in Food Standards of Identity

ABSTRACT: On December 29, 1995, the FDA announced its intention to review its regulations pertaining to identity, quality and fill of container for standardized foods, and its common or usual name regulations for non-standardized foods. The agency solicited comments from interested parties on whether these regulations should be retained, revised, or revoked. The FDA solicited comments on the benefits or lack of benefits of such regulations in facilitating domestic and international commerce. The FDA also asked for comments on the value of these regulations to consumers, and on alternative means of accomplishing the statutory objective of food standards. This was done in an effort to promote honesty and fairness in the interest of consumers. The FSIS published a similar announcement regarding its intent to consider whether to modify or eliminate specific Standards on Identity for meat and poultry products, or to modify its overall regulatory approach to standardized meat and poultry products. The FDA and the FSIS need information on how consumers would be affected by changes in Federal Standards of Identity for foods. Most importantly, the two agencies need information on whether consumers would prefer particular elements of Standards to be retained, modified, or eliminated for various types of food. The agencies are obtaining information on the consumer preferences. (See PIC ID 6865.1, 6865.2)

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Ed Puro

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-4279

PIC ID: 6865

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 6/30/99
 

TITLE: Dietary Supplement Sales Information

ABSTRACT: The objective of this task order is to collect information on dietary supplement products sold in the United States. The type of information being collected includes: (1) product name, (2) manufacturer or distributor and address, (3) ingredients, and (4) claims currently being made (i.e., health or nutrient content claims and nutritional support statements). This information will provide the agency with the information necessary to perform its regulatory mission.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Laina Bush

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-5271

PIC ID: 7082

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Research Triangle Institute, Research Triangle Park, NC

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 9/30/99
 

TITLE: Fortification of Enriched Cereal-Grain Products in the U.S. with Folic Acid

ABSTRACT: This project will assess the level of folic acid in enriched cereal grain products. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations mandate the fortification with folic acid of a wide range of enriched cereal grain products. During FY 1998, the FDA developed a methodology for measuring folic acid in cereal grain products and conducted a study of more than 100 enriched cereal grain products from the marketplace. The results of the study will be published in FY 1999.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Gerad McCowin

PHONE NUMBER:

PIC ID: 7095

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA, Rockville MD

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 9/30/99

TITLE: Food Labeling and Package Survey (FLAPS)

ABSTRACT: This survey was implemented by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1977 with the purpose of producing a database containing label and package information obtained from a sample of processed food products. Food Labeling and Packaging (FLAPS) data enable FDA personnel to keep abreast of market responses to food labeling rules via changes in package labels.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition

FEDERAL CONTACT: Beth Benedict

PHONE NUMBER: 410-786-7724

PIC ID: 5711

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, FDA Washington, D.C. and A.C. Nielson Company Chicago IL

PROJECTED DATE OF COMPLETION: 12/31/99