TITLE: Building Opportunities, Enforcing Obligations: Implementation and Interim Impacts of Parents' Fair Share

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this pilot project was to implement a unique cooperative arrangement between the child support system, local community-based organizations and non-custodial fathers. It was hoped that with supportive services, such as peer group assistance, non-custodial fathers would increase their involvement with their children. It was further hoped that, with employment training and job location assistance, these fathers would find employment and increase their earnings, thereby placing themselves in the position to pay child support and to pay it in a timely fashion. The ultimate goal of this project, therefore, was to effect a system that would support more responsible non-custodial parenting.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation

FEDERAL CONTACT: Mark Fucello

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-4538

PIC ID: 5952.1

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation, New York, NY
 

TITLE: Evaluation of Child Support Guidelines (Vols 1-2)

ABSTRACT: From October 1994 to March 1996, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) evaluated State child support guidelines to determine the impact of State child support guidelines on decision makers of child support payments. The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of State child support guidelines in helping decision makers determine adequate and equitable child support amounts. The results are directed at whether there should be more Federal involvement in areas such as issuing national guidelines. In the cases reviewed, data show significant deviations from formal and informal guidelines, mainly in the areas of income determinations, tax exemptions allowed, families involved, agreements between parties, health care, visitation and custody, and child care expenses. Based on the results, a panel of child support experts recommended that national guidelines are not necessary, given continuing State development and experimentation with guidelines. States should, however, continue to review cases every four years, and the Federal government should continue to provide technical assistance in helping States perform guideline reviews.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Child Support Enforcement

FEDERAL CONTACT: David Arnaudo

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5364

PIC ID: 5983

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: CSR, Incorporated Washington, D.C.
 

TITLE: Evaluation of the Child Access Demonstration Projects: Report to Congress

ABSTRACT: The 1987-88 National Survey of Children and the National Survey of Families and Households show that only one-sixth of all noncustodial (divorced or unwed) fathers visit their children at least weekly; nearly one-third to one half see their children once a year or less. This report documents the experiences of eight projects selected by the staff of the Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement to resolve child access problems. The goal of evaluation at each site was to assess the extent to which each intervention was successful in: (1) decreasing the amount of time required to resolve access disputes; (2) reducing litigation related to access disputes; (3) improving compliance with court-ordered child support payments; and (4) promoting the adjustment of children. Surveys administered to parents elicited information on the demographic characteristics of the parents, their relationship to each other, the children they had in common, existing custody situation, visitation and child support arrangements and problems with custody, visitation and child support. Based on the questionnaire findings, access problems were identified. Conclusions suggest the following: (1) courts can help parents with access problems by developing no and low cost dispute resolution interventions; (2) mediation appears to be more effective when it is conducted near the time of the divorce or separation; (3) access interventions for parents with long-standing access problems or high levels of parental conflict appear to have less potential for resolving access disputes than interventions designed for parents with more recent and less contentious disputes; and (4) while child support and child access are definitely related, and some access interventions are associated with more favorable reports of payment, cause and effect are difficult to establish.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Child Support Enforcement

FEDERAL CONTACT: David Arnaudo

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5364

PIC ID: 6843

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Policy Studies, Inc, Denver CO and Center for Policy Research, Denver CO