Performance Improvement 1999. Administration for Children and Families

02/01/1999

WELFARE REFORM

TITLE: Employment Experiences of Welfare Recipients Who Find Jobs: Is Targeting Possible?

ABSTRACT: ACF analyzed data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) to evaluate the effectiveness of targeting job retention services to clients who are at high risk of having negative labor market outcomes and who can benefit most from job retention services. The study concludes that programs can successfully identify high-risk cases using data on individual and job characteristics that is likely to be available and, using that data, target clients for job retention services The study also analyzes the employment patterns of welfare recipients who find jobs and the factors associated with job loss or job retention and provides rules that policy makers can use to target services to high-risk clients.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

FEDERAL CONTACT: Lawrence Wolf

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5984

PIC ID: 6756

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Plainsboro, NJ
 

CHILD SUPPORT

TITLE: Evaluation of Child Support Guidelines

ABSTRACT: From October 1994 to March 1996, ACF evaluated State child support guidelines to determine the impact of State child support guidelines on decision makers of child support payments. The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of State child support guidelines in helping decision makers determine adequate and equitable child support amounts. The results are directed at whether there should be more Federal involvement in areas such as issuing national guidelines. In the cases reviewed, data show significant formal and informal deviations from the guidelines, mainly in the areas of income determinations, tax exemptions allowed, families involved, agreements between parties, health care, visitation and custody, and child care expenses. Based on the results, a panel of child support experts recommended that national guidelines are not necessary given continuing state development and experimentation with guidelines; however, states should continue to review cases every four years and the Federal government should continue to provide technical assistance in helping states perform guideline reviews.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Child Support Enforcement

FEDERAL CONTACT: David Arnaudo

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5364

PIC ID: 5983

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: CSR, Incorporated, Washington D.C.
 

TITLE: Evaluation of the Child Access Demonstration Projects: Report to Congress

ABSTRACT: ACF's Office of Child Support Enforcement evaluated demonstrations to improve access of non-custodial (divorced or unwed) fathers to visit their children. Eight demonstration sites experimented with interventions to: (1) decrease the amount of time required to resolve child access disputes; (2) reduce litigation of access disputes; (3) improve compliance with court-ordered child support payments; and (4) promote adjustment of the children. An analysis of the survey results and a comparison of the demonstration sites showed that: (1) courts can effectively help parents with access problems by developing no and low cost dispute resolution interventions such as mediation; (2) mediation appears to be more effective when it is conducted near the time of the divorce or separation; (3) access interventions for parents with long-standing access problems or high levels of parental conflict appear to have less potential for resolving access disputes than interventions designed for parents with more recent and less contentious disputes; and (4) while child support and child access are definitely related, and some access interventions are associated with more favorable reports of payment, cause and effect is difficult to establish. (PIC ID: 6843)

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Child Support Enforcement

FEDERAL CONTACT: David Arnaudo

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-5364

PIC ID: 6843

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: American Institutes for Research, Washington D.C.
 

TITLE: Building Opportunities, Enforcing Obligations: Implementation and Interim Impacts of Parents' Fair Share

ABSTRACT: Parents= Fair Share (PFS) program model began in 1992 as a two-year pilot project to provide supportive services, such as peer group assistance, to non-custodial fathers to improve their involvement with their children. With employment training and job location assistance, it was also expected that the fathers would find employment, increase their earnings and as a result be more able to pay child support and to pay in a timely fashion. Findings from the interim impact evaluation indicate success in raising the involvement of non-custodial parents and the child support payments of the non-custodial fathers. PFS did increase the number of fathers who paid child support, however with no corresponding increase in those fathers= employment and earnings. This study shows that programs offering support services to non-custodial fathers can impact the level of child support provided to their children. The project is currently into its second phase, which will further test the program=s effectiveness.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation and the Office of Child Support Enforcement

FEDERAL CONTACT: Mark Fucello

PHONE NUMBER: 202-401-4583

PIC ID: 5952.1

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Manpower Research Demonstration Corporation, New York, NY
 

CHILD DEVELOPMENT

TITLE: National Impact Evaluation of the Comprehensive Child Development Program (CCDP)

ABSTRACT: The purpose of CCDP was to enhance child development and family economic self-sufficiency. To achieve these goals, grantees used an intensive case management model that included: (1) early intervention; (2) family involvement; (3) comprehensive social services that addressed the intellectual, social-emotional, and physical needs of infants and young children in the household; (4) services to enhance parents' ability to contribute to the overall development of their children and achieve economic and social self-sufficiency; and (5) continuous services up kindergarten or first grade level. The evaluation examined whether the model was successful in enhancing the development of participating children and the economic self-sufficiency of their parents. The results indicated that there were no observable or measurable benefits for participating children and their parents compared to children and parents in a control group that did not receive the interventions.

AGENCY SPONSOR: Administration on Children, Youth and Families

FEDERAL CONTACT: Michael Lopez

PHONE NUMBER: 202-205-8212

PIC ID: 3868

PERFORMER ORGANIZATION: Abt Associates, Inc., Cambridge MA